Courses After 12th
The thought of a student:
Which course should be selected after 12th?
He is now studying in 12th standard. Final exams of 12th standard is nearly going to over. He concentrates on his study during the examination period and do not diverse his mind in thinking about his career after 12th.
He has qualified the 12th examination. Now it is the time to think over the career options & courses after 12th and many more related questions that are puzzling in his mind about what should he choose after 12th?
This is one of the most confusing periods in the students’ life. First you should counsel yourself. Suppose that;
You have chosen PCM group or PCB group or Commerce or Arts in 12th standard. It means you have chosen your area of interest. Do not surprise or tense. You have done your best.
But yes, off course, if you wish to change your field for higher studies, you can go through many options according to your interest.
A student having Art stream in 12th standard can pursue his further study in art, humanities, management, media, fashion, journalism and tourism field.
A student having PCB or biology in 12th standard can pursue his further study in medical, pharmacy, science research and all art group fields.
A student having PCM or Math in 12th standard can pursue his further study in engineering & technology, pharmacy, architecture, and all art group fields.
And moreover, students from any of above streams can pursue their further studies in law, management, fashion, textile, social work and library science.
Engineering involves the terms like maintain, design, invent, build, process, improve, system, material, devices and machine. It contains the information of all above topics. There is a lot of chances for a good career in engineering after 12th standard. Choose the engineering branch from the given list:
Computer Science and Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering is a rapidly growing field in engineering. It covers complete information about computer and computational processes. It is one of the sought branches of engineering. It provides good career opportunity for the science students. The popular work fields in CSE are database management, networking, core programming, web designing and software development.
Civil engineering is one of the oldest and reputed fields of engineering. In simple words, it means the use of physical and scientific principles for the overall development of the society, of which physical structures is an integral part. It provides knowledge and art that directs human power in development for the convenience of human beings. It is basically the art of planning, design & construction of roads, buildings, township, port and every man-made design. The work fields are construction companies, city planners, mega builders etc.
Mechanical Engineering is one of the oldest disciplines of engineering study. It involves the design, maintenance, analysis and manufacturing of mechanical system. There are lots of job opportunities in this field. You can work in production, manufacturing, development and service industries as an engineer in various domains.
Electrical engineering is very popular field of engineering. It provides the knowledge of distribution and utilization of energy that runs our world. It is the field of great scientist “Thomas Edison”. You can work with the power grid systems, electrical & electronics equipment manufacturing companies.
Electronics & Communication Engineering
Electronics & Communication Engineering is one of the fastest growing disciplines of engineering. ECE is an interface of information technology and chip level hardware. It provides the knowledge of electronics devices and software application. All telecom and software industries are the work fields for the ECE engineers. It has a good job opportunity in private and government sector.
Biotechnology is the combination of the knowledge of biology and engineering for research & development in the field of agriculture, medical and security. There are job opportunities in the field of animal husbandry, pollution control, disease research, development of medicine and pesticides.
Electrical & Electronics Engineering
Electrical & Electronics Engineering is an emerging discipline of engineering study. It leads the knowledge of electrical engineering and electronics engineering in one domain. It deals with the generation, use and storage of power and energy. The work fields are all industries related to the power and electronics devices.
Aeronautical Engineering is one of the best paid engineering fields. It includes the study of the machines which moves in the earth and in the space. Aeronautical engineering is the disciplines where we learn the mechanism of airplanes, airspace process, air shuttle & bullet trains. You can work with the government and private aviation manufacturing, research and testing industries.
Agricultural Engineering is one of the reputed engineering branches. It provides the knowledge of technology which involves agricultural development and research. An agriculture engineer can work with agriculture research lab, agricultural enterprises, and botanical research lab and soil industries.
Petroleum Engineering is the emerging field of engineering study. Petroleum engineering deals with the production, exploration and understanding of natural gas and crude oil. It is a good paid engineering discipline. A petroleum engineers can work with the drilling plant, rigs, petroleum industries, petroleum refineries and related organizations.
Food Technology is the rapidly growing discipline in the field of engineering & technology. It is one of the most popular branches at present. Food technology involves the process of manufacturing and preservation of foods. It also involves the research in food science. You can work with the food MNCs and packaging industries as food inspector, quality manager, food auditors and production manager.
Textile Engineering deals with the principles to control and design of fiber, apparel process, textile and products. It is one of the top positioned engineering branches. Textile engineering also involves the man-made and natural material, material – machine interaction, health conservation, waste and pollution control and safety. You can go for the textile industries which are the 14% of all industries in India.
Chemical Engineering deals with the operation and development of the process for chemical and production of related substances. It is one of the good paid engineering fields. Chemical engineering involves the design, supervision, installation of equipments, workers and plant in related field. It is the combination of chemistry and engineering to solve the problem in chemical production.
Management is one of the highly job oriented career field. It is one of the most popular field among the students. Management involves regulation and maintenance of overall functioning and administration of an organization. Management field provides responsible, challenging and respectful position to an aspirant who wants to work in the corporate environment. It has various disciplines & specializations and has opportunity for global employment.
BBA - Bachelor of Business Administration
BBA is a business oriented course which helps the students in understanding the basics of business and overall management process. The students can choose this course after class 12th, if they want to make their career in the management field. The students can work in management firms, business organizations and IT companies.
MBA - Master of Business Administration
Business administration is one of the most challenging and respected job fields. It involves the planning, strategy, implementation, policies, design, administration, maintenance, control and structure of any business. It provides an individual an opportunity to showcase his talent in the corporate field and offers handsome salary as per the caliber of the individual. After the completion of this course, the candidate can choose the corporate sector, IT industries, manufacturing units, various corporations, and global industrial world.
Marketing management is the oldest discipline of management study. It is the one of the highly job oriented specialization of management. It involves the market strategy, market availability, product compatibility, market research and market economy of the business and product. By the growing technology and computerization, digital market is also the simultaneous part of the marketing field. There are lots of opportunities to work with various manufacturing industries.
Finance management is one of the challenging specializations in the field of management study. It is one of the famous management fields among the commerce students in India. Finance management involves the resources, expenditure and balance of the economy and capital for an organization. Finance department is the back bone of any industry and finance analysts, finance executive, finance manager and finance officer play vital role in an organization.
Human Resource Management
Human resource management is another popular specializations in the field of management study. Human resource manager deals with the workers and employees of the company. The HRM plays the crucial role in facilitating and monitoring the connectivity of workers, training of employees, their salaries, issues, benefits, allowances and recruitment of new employees. It is a very responsible field. HRM manager can be hired in any organization wherein the manpower works.
International Business Management
Today, the business scenario is not limited up to the national boundaries. The business is now conducted globally across the nation boundaries. Due to the rapid rise in the global business, the demand of the professionals is increased in various MNCs and reputed organizations who are looking to conduct their business globally. International Business management is becoming a popular specialization among the students day-to-day. It provides the opportunity to work with the global market. This field pays good salary to the deserving candidates who have excellent communication skills and are ready to work in a challenging environment.
Operation management is a wide and broad specialization of management study. It overlaps some more specialization as HRM, marketing, retail, event and IB. It involves the study and managing method of an operation or operating plant. It helps in developing the leadership quality, methodology and managerial skills in a proactive candidate. The candidate having degree in operation management can work with any organization in any field.
Event management deals with the planning and organization of events that may include parties, ceremony, festival and competition. An event manager can work where any gathering will going to be planned. It is one of the growing and demanding specializations in management field. It not only provides the good job opportunity in an organization but also helps in establishing a self-business.
At present, retail industries are growing worldwide. There are many plazas, malls, shopping world, multiplexes and shopping centers around us. It is becoming a different world of our needs. Retail management deals with the management, storing, logistics and customer satisfaction. This field is a vastly growing field and having huge employment opportunities. Various international retail industries are demanding the qualified graduates in the same field.
Career options or courses after 12th in medical field is one of the most asked queries among the students. The medical field is one of the respectable, challenging, responsible, top paid and highly job oriented fields in India. Often, the main motive of most of the students behind choosing Biology after 10th standard is to become a well qualified Doctor; but this field offers a vast number of career opportunities other than MBBS Doctor. The major working areas in the medical fields are healthcare industries, pharmaceutical industries, hospitals and research laboratories.
MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery) is the most popular and designated degree of doctors. The doctor is also treated like a God or life-saver in India; hence it is one of the most respectful profession in India. It is the only bachelor degree that makes the students eligible to carry the term “doctor” with their name. This field is always been an evergreen field in the medical history. In this course, the students are taught about the human anatomy, human cytology, medicine, chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, drugs formulation & effect and method of surgery.
BDS (Bachelor of Dental Surgery) is the only educational and professional programme for dental surgery. The BDS degree is equivalent to an MBBS degree but works in a different domain. In medical educational field, this is the second choice of the students after the MBBS course. In this course, the students are taught about the denture, dental problems and dental surgery. It is also a good job oriented degree and vast jobs options are available in hospitals, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries.
BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery) is the doctoral degree and can be done after the 12th Science (Biology). It is the bachelor degree in Ayurveda. It is also one of the sought courses after 12th among the science students having biology. It is equivalent to the MBBS degree programme. The ayurvedic medical treatment is growing in India. There is heavy demand of ayurvedic graduates in hospitals and in ayurvedic pharmaceutical industries.
BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery) is the doctoral degree and can be done after the 12th Science (Biology). It is the bachelor degree in Homeopathy. Beside MBBS and BAMS, it is also one of the popular courses after 12th. It is equivalent to the BAMS degree programme. The homeopathic treatment is one the oldest treatment adopted from the ancient time. There is heavy demand of homeopathy graduates in hospitals and homeopathic pharmaceutical industries like SBL, schwabe, etc.
The science (biology) students who are interested in Unani Medical Science can go for BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) course after 12th. It is the bachelor degree. Unani medical treatment is one of the ancient medical treatment. Beside, BHMS and BAMS; it is also one of the reputed medical field after 12th and equivalent to the BAMS degree programme. There is a heavy demand of Unani graduates in hospitals and in homeopathic pharmaceutical industries like Hamdard, charak etc. for this course Urdu is compulsory upto class 10th.
The main motive of this educational programme is to produce the qualified and expert nursing professionals. Nurses are the members of the health care team. In this programme, the students are taught about the nursing and cure methods and techniques. After the completion of this course the candidate are free to work with hospital and healthcare organizations.
Physiotherapy is the therapy that helps to rehabilitate the temporary disable people. It is a non-medicine or surgery therapy. The concept of the physiotherapy is to recover the temporary disability by physical exercise. It is a good job oriented professional field. You can go for the job in hospitals or can do the private practice.
Occupational Therapy is the therapy that helps to rehabilitate the emotionally and physically challenged people. This therapy helps to make the life enable for such people. It is also a non-medicine or surgery therapy. The concept of the Occupational Therapy is to recover the emotional and physical disability by counselling and some practices. It is a good job oriented professional field. You can go for the job in hospitals or can do the private practice.
Medical Lab Technician
In every science and medical field, there exists a lab. The career options or courses after 12th in medical lab technology are huge and provides ample job opportunities to the candidates having appropriate diploma/degree course in this field. In this course the students are taught about the analysis of medical test, microbiology, instrumentation and many other areas related to medical field.
The students having science group in 12th standard have a choice of wide range of courses. The biggest advantage of science students is that, they can go in any field of their choice. The most popular career fields for the science students have already been mentioned above, but here we are also listing some other popular fields for science students.
B.Sc, B.Sc (Hons)
The students who wish to continue with the traditional science field can go for the B.Sc or B.Sc (Hons) degree after 12th (Science). Once you have done your graduation, you may choose the career in scientific research, banking, teaching, chemist, analyst, biologist, zoologist and management. After the completion of this course, there are various job opportunities in both private and government sectors.
Pharmacy is one of the most popular courses after 12th science. There is a heavy requirement of well-qualified pharmacists in our hospitals, colleges and pharmaceutical industries. This programme has the maximum job surety rather than others. This course involves the subjects like chemistry, pharmaceutical chemistry, drugs indication & contraindication, chemical structure, new drugs development, formulations, analysis of chemical and drugs, handling and calibration of the instruments uses in pharmacy and research & development.
Naturopathy & Yogic Science
Naturopathy & Yogic Science is one of the trusted fields after Allopathy in India. It is the oldest method for cure and prevention of diseases in the world. At present, it is not only popular in India but also growing rapidly across the world. The degree in Naturopathy & Yogic Science is an approved educational programme in India. Its study involves the use of medical treatment by using natural substances and herbal medicines.
Dairy Technology is the separate branch after 12th science. It is a big field of educational study. It covers the technology that is used in the production, manufacturing, quality analysis, and research of dairy products. A graduate in dairy technology has the opportunity to work in dairy industries like Amul, Parag, Param, Mother Dairy and other food industries. The other advantage of this course is that, it helps an individual in establishing his own business.
Biotechnology is the emerging field of science. It is one of the rapidly growing field that uses both biology and technology to develop the highly advanced medical products like drugs, medicines and medical devices. It is the technical & biological combined process to understand, develop, diagnose and research the diseases and medicines. It is a respectable and responsible job oriented field. Ones can go for the food & beverages industries, animal husbandry and agriculture industries after the completion of the course.
BCA (Bachelor of Computer Application) is one of the popular degree in computer application. It helps in understanding the basics of computer programming, networking and database base. It is the gateway for the top job oriented MCA degree programme. The students are taught about the computer and computational process through this course. After the completion of this course you can go for the IT industries, application development industries and software development companies.
Commerce is an essential part of the business that covers the economical part of the social, legal, technological and political aspects. It involves the activities of exchange the goods, money and services between the companies and persons. It has a few fields of specializations but very demanding and challenging. The commerce is a gateway for the finance and accounts world for all corporate sectors. The CA, CFA and CS are the professional job oriented courses after 12th (Commerce).
The Bachelor of Commerce (B.Com) is a degree course done by a large number of students after their class 12th. The B.Com degree gives you complete overview of overall business scenario, this includes buying and selling of goods, also helps in understanding the underlining principles of accounts and economics. The students can opt this field if they wish to make their future in finance, accounts and management.
CA (Chartered Accountant)
Chartered accountancy was established in 1854 in Britain. It is the core activity of the business. A CA is the member of ICAI (Indian Chartered Accountants Institute) and deals with the financial management and carries out the financial audits. A CA works as a private advisor for an organization. After the completion of this course you can go for the work as auditing, cost accounting, tax management, management accounting, consultancy and CA can also work in an industry.
CS (Company Secretary)
Company secretary deals with the legal activities of any business. It is a corporate professional course. The role of a company secretary is to keep the records, advice, tax returns and evaluate the legal aspects of the organization. This course contains the three levels as foundation, executive and professional course. It is one of the eminent courses after 12th commerce. The students having art or science can pursue the CS course.
Arts & Humanities
The section art & humanities carry a range of various courses. This field provides a lot of career oriented courses that a student can pursue with any stream in class 12th. This field provides interesting and unique career options to the students of their choice. This field overlaps various another fields like computer, management and law. This field has good job and business oriented courses. Movie, media, animation, cultural art, choreography, painting, photography and cooking are some of the best options that a student can choose after class 12th.
Law is the basic part of our constitution. It is the only degree course provided in India in legal education. It is one of the most popular courses among the large number of students. Law course provides the complete information about our law and constitution. It covers the civil litigation, legal analysis and document drafting. After the completion of this course the candidate can go for the private practice in court. You can be a part of juries and can play a role as the public prosecutor. After some experience one can also start his own consulting firm.
Animation & Multimedia
Animation is one of the most popular courses for arts students. If you have creativity and skills then this field can provide your ample opportunities. Animation involves creation of objects with computer graphics whose movement or shapes changes continuously. It works on the principle of displaying simultaneous frames in a quick span of time. The most popular courses are 2D and 3D animation. After the completion of this course, you can be a part of movies making, ad making companies, animation and cartoon industries and various other digital works.
By the modernization of the world, the fashion is an integral part of our daily life. The trend in fashion is changing with the advancement of human culture. Various industries have been established for this purpose only. There is a great demand of fashion experts; not only in India but also in abroad. Fashion study covers the design, fabric, texture, quality of fashion goods, manufacturing process and creativity. Fashion is not only means the wearing but also means the wearing and makeup. This is one of the famous courses among the students who are creative and want to contributes to the rapidly changing fashion industry.
Visual art means the creativity which can be seen by eyes or senses. It is also defines as the decorative form of art. This aspect of art covers various small and big courses. It involves the study in painting, drawing, sculpture, photography, conceptual art, architecture, weaving and fabrics. It is a branch of applied arts which have wide scope and career opportunities for the arts students.
Literary art is a branch of fine arts. It is famous among those students who are creative, imaginative and can convert their imagination and thoughts into textual form. The students who are interested in writing, can choose the career in literary arts. This aspect of art includes poetry, novel-writing, short stories, epics, writing and script writing. You can choose the career as a writer and publisher.
It is one of the top chosen fields by art & humanities students. Performing art is the part of fine arts. It involves all the activities and studies related to the music, theatre, dance, singing, acting, comedy, direction, choreography, editing and martial art. It is the basis educational study for ones who wish to make their career in the film and entertainment industry.
Aviation & Hospitality Management
Aviation is one of the most interesting career fields among the girls. Anyone who wish to fly in the sky and server the people with smile this career can fulfill their dream. Aviation and hospitality management cover the ground and air courses of air hostess and flight steward. It involves the hospitality, customer handling, travel & tourism and aircraft basic training. The course of aviation and management is full of glamor and attitude. After the completion of this course you can go for the hospitality organizations, airlines industries and many hotel industries.
Hotel Management & Catering
Hotel management is one of the big employment industry in the world. There are a lots of opportunities to work within or after the completion of the course as a manager or executive. It is a professional work in service sector. It involves the management of desk, services, kitchen, catering, bar and hospitality. Chef is one of the popular specializations in catering. After the completion of this course the students are generally employed in the hotel industries, cruiser ships and can even start their own business.
Mass communication covers the fields of media, journalism, films and ads. It involves professional degree and diploma course and provides good job opportunities in various fields like journalism, anchoring, news channels and tv shows. You can go for the media, news reading, editing, journalist, surveyor, social works and many related industries. The scope of mass communication is increasing everyday with the growing scenario of media popularity.
By the globalization of employment and employees, the trend of academic courses in languages study has been boomed. It is one of the job-oriented courses chosen by the students after 12th. This course provides a lot of opportunities as a translator/interpreter in many MNCs and government departments. The students who wish to pursue this course, they have to select the language of their choice. The course contains the origin, tradition, culture, study & research and complete knowledge of the particular language.
Wish you all the best for your future!
If have any doubt about the above courses, you can submit your questions below: