Career As Archaeologist

Archaeology is one of the best courses that you can choose for a bright career in the future.

What is Archaeology?

Archaeology is the study of the ancient or recent human past through material remains. It is also a sub-discipline of Anthropology, which is the study of all human cultures. The experts are called as Archaeologist.

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The word “Archaeology” has been derived from the Greek word “arkhaiologia” which means ancient history.

“In short terms, Archaeology is the study of human history.”

Archaeology includes the study of artifacts, architecture, biofacts (eco-facts) and cultural landscapes.

Who are Archaeologists?

Archaeologists are the scientists who study the remains of groups of people and past civilizations. They study the things people from long time ago left behind such as their homes, clothes, tools, bones, dishes, etc.

Archaeologist gathers the different types of evidence of human past from various places and observes & examines the result. If you want to become an archaeologist, then you must possess depth knowledge of history and geography.

The responsibility of an archaeologist is to do survey in various sites using different methods and instruments, manipulate the data using drawing, notes and photography.


Types of Archaeology:

Prehistoric Archaeology – It focus on the study of past culture that did not have any written language.

Historical Archaeology – It is the study of cultures or civilizations that existed during the period of recorded history.

Underwater Archaeology – It studies the physical remain of human activities beneath the surface of the oceans. It also includes maritime technology.

Urban Archaeology– Urban archeology is a branch of archeology specializing in large towns and cities with long stratigraphic histories of work. Some archaeologists also use urban archeology to refer to any archeology conducted in an urban areas.

Skills Needed to Become an Archaeologist

  • Enthusiasm & zeal to know with the developments in archaeology
  • well-organized approach, with effective attention to depth detail
  • strong team work skills, particularly at the time of fieldwork
  • self-motivation and focus
  • extra communication skills and the ability to effectively work with other professionals
  • master in using various tools and instruments
  • patience and dedication
  • having good IT skills
  • an analytical and peace mind, with a keen interest in the archaeology

Courses & Eligibility

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Now, lets talk about courses in this field.

There are plenty of courses like diploma, bachelor, masters and doctoral courses are available in this field. The basic requirements to pursue bachelor courses are candidates must have passed 10+2 standard from any stream.

For master courses, students must have a bachelor’s degree in the related field like Archeology, Indian History Culture, anthropology, etc. For postgraduate diploma, students should have a master’s degree in Ancient/Medieval Indian History or Archaeology.

Undergraduate Courses:

  • Diploma in Indian Archaeology
  • Bachelor of Arts in Indian History Culture and Archaeology
  • Bachelor of Arts in Archaeology and Museology

Master Courses:

  • MA in Archaeology
  • MA in Ancient Indian History and Archaeology
  • Master of Science in Archaeology
  • Master of Philosophy in Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology
  • Post-Graduate Diploma in Archaeology
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology

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For admissions in these courses, firstly you should meet the eligibility criteria mentioned for those courses. In India, some universities organize their own entrance exams for screening candidates for admission in Archaeology courses.

Where to Study Archaeology in India?….. Here we have listed the top colleges to pursue courses in this field:

  • Institute of Archaeology, Archaeological Survey of India, New Delhi
  • Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
  • Barkatullah Vishwavidhyalaya, Bhopal
  • The Delhi Institute of Heritage Research & Management, New Delhi
  • Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra (Haryana)
  • Department of Ancient Indian History, Culture and Archaeology, Panjab University, Chandigarh

Career Scope

India has a rich cultural heritage that’s why demand for archaeologists is higher in India.

Qualified students can apply for various job profiles in government and private sectors. Once you get a post-graduate diploma in archaeology you can apply as a lecturer in various universities or institutions.

As an Archaeologist you can work in private or government-owned museums for the safe upkeep and management of museum artifacts.

In this profession of archaeology, the jobs are offered to those who have interest in knowing past of the humans, animals, or civilization that existed thousands years ago. Aspirants can find job in government sectors through exam conducted by Union Public Service Commission or Staff Selection commission. A degree holder in Archaeology can also work as tourist guide, heritage mangers, interpreters’ resource persons of trip organizers in tourism. Archaeology graduates have great scope in for jobs as well as research in various colleges and universities.

Jobs you can get with a degree in this field:

  • Archaeologist
  • Historic buildings inspector/conservation officer
  • Museum/gallery curator
  • Heritage manager
  • Lecturer
  • Documentation Specialist
  • Museum education officer

Top recruiters companies are:

  • Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)
  • National heritage agencies
  • Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR)
  • Government and private museums and cultural galleries
  • Universities and colleges

Duties of an Archaeologist:

  • Preserve, restore and clean artifacts.
  • Collecting data about the archaeological site.
  • Collect artifacts made of stone, metal, bones and preserve them.
  • Create drawings and maps of unit profiles, stratum surfaces, features, and findings.

Salary & Payscale

Thinking about Salary??…. Here the sky is the limit, depending upon the individual determination and ability.

In India, as a fresher Archaeologist you can expect a salary between Rs.2.5 to 3.5 lakcs per year.

Experienced and well-qualified professionals can expect salary packages between Rs.5 to 8 lakcs per annum.

Salary packages will also depend upon education, working area, sector, level of skills, experience and many other factors. A doctoral degree is a must need for a better career and a good salary package in this field.

Books & Study Materials

Some good books to pursue Archaeology are listed here:

The Mind in the Cave by David Lewis-Williams

The Prehistory of the Mind: A Search for Origins of Art, Religion and Science by Steven Mithen

Before Civilization by Colin Renfrew

Sinews of Survival by Betty Kobayashi Issenman

Religion Explained by Pascal Boyer

Return to Chauvet Cave by Jean Clottes

For more information regarding Career in Archaeology, ask your queries below.

Displaying 34 Comments
  1. JayMJ says:

    Sir,Is this good option for commerce student

  2. Jerin Mary Ebey says:

    Sir can commerce students can go for the training to become an archeologist is this profession in very tough is this good for a commerce student

  3. Jerin Mary Ebey says:

    Sir,I’m 12th standard commerce student did archeology is better choice for commerce student

  4. Atul prasad says:

    Sir IAM a BA (E) final year student , how can i join archeological department…

  5. Minal Shirbhate says:

    Sir can I do this course online

  6. Minal Shirbhate says:

    I am interested in archaeology but I am BA Art graduate can I lible for this course

  7. Sahil Pawar says:

    Sir can students can for archeology training for became archeologist

  8. khushi says:

    If I do get a B.A degree in Anthropology can I pursue my Masters degree in Archaeology? If not then from which university should I do my B.A in Archaeology?

  9. AMLAN says:

    thanks for this information….

  10. John daniel says:

    I am studying and i very intrested in archaeology how to study for it can you please guid me

  11. Solo says:

    I had done my MA in mathematics …
    Bt i m interested in archeology…
    m I eligible to do the course…..
    By M.phil…. or some other doctrines course….
    Plz clear my confusion sir…

  12. Saee says:

    I am philosophy graduate but interested in working with the field of archeology.please help me.

  13. Sithara k v says:

    I completed my graduation in History and post graduation in Anthropology. I would like to work in archaeology department. How can i join in department

  14. JayaMoorthy says:

    I love this work

  15. Abhishek Garg says:

    I complete ba program in this year Sol(DU). then I am interested in archaeology job. what can I do in future. Please reply

  16. Rajeev kumar says:

    I am a very very interesting in archaeology job and I am a small numismatic and i am study in zakir hussein college (du) in history ba program so my next planning is archaeology job find so which study in future in get a archaeology job
    Pls reply🙏🙏

  17. umang says:

    can an archaeologist be posted in foreingn countries or can he get job in foreign countries if any private organisation is there to enroll. Will he be getting chance to explore the world or its history through this job

  18. Yashwant kumawat says:

    I’m good in history and I have an hunger to know the amazing facts of history and civilisation and I am 16 years old student but I’m so glad to work with history so please give me a chance to express my feelings and talent

  19. Archaena says:

    What to do after completing MA
    in Archaeology?Also,is it better to do M.Phil or MA?
    Please reply.
    Thank you

  20. Tanaya joshi says:

    Sir For 11th & 12th which subjects to be choose for archaeology?

  21. samyuktha says:

    sir how many years will it take to finish the course?

  22. says:

    How to earn big amount pay of an archaeologist?

  23. Paras Dogra says:

    Sir can we become an archaeologist by opting biology

  24. good says:


    I love to study ancient history and prehistoric periods and the facts any old civilizations. My ambition is tht to became an archaeologist. I’ve been dreaming archaeology since 8th grade. Now I’m in 12th nd I’m gonna graduate frm high school nxt month. My parents says tht there’s no scope for archaeology in India nd the average pay scale of an archaeologist is very low. I’m confused. I wanna know the scope nd pay scale of archaeology in India and in kerala(cuz I’m a keralite)….plsss explain in details…
    Looking forward for ur reply

    • Mohit Negi says:

      You have career option in Government jobs, as a teacher or professor in schools/colleges, you can find jobs in archaelogy shows in TV channels.

  25. Gaurav Anand says:

    I am in graduation BA (H) Pol. Science how can i join archeological department…

  26. Shivam says:

    I completed my garaduation in BA(H) History….., bt now where i have to do my postgraduation for archaeology in delhi???

  27. P.raju says:

    Good but some of matter give me ….

  28. Debabrita Datta says:

    It is really useful..
    Thanks a lot

  29. Pratap says:

    Thanks!!! Most valuable stuff related to archeology….

  30. Vaishnavi says:

    Thankyou so much I was looking for this information from so many days.

  31. Udeshna kalita says:

    It is really helpful

  32. Yadukriahnan says:

    It is really usefull thank you

  33. payal says:

    Thank u so much for this i got very much help from this information?????

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