Engineering Courses: Complete Guidelines
The term “Engineering” has originated from the Latin word Ingenium means ‘Cleverness and Ingeniare means ‘to create’.
“Engineering is an application that involves in scientific and practical knowledge in order to invent, maintain, improve, build, design, system, devices, material, machine and process.”
The Engineering study is one of the best and most soughed disciplines of academic education. It is growing with the development of nation, education, technology and research.
Courses & Eligibility
What are the courses available in Engineering Field?
Engineering courses are available at diploma level, undergraduate level, postgraduate and doctoral levels.
Diploma Course leading to Diploma in Engineering
It is a 3-year course which students can pursue after the completion of 10 years of school education. Diploma holders are eligible for lateral entry to the third semester Engineering Courses. Diploma in Engineering is offered in various disciplines.
Undergraduate Course leading to B.Tech Degree
Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) is the 4-year full-time undergraduate course in engineering. This course can be done with one of the engineering discipline. Prerequisites for pursuing B.Tech is 10+2 passed with PCM group from the recognized educational board.
Postgraduate Course leading to M.Tech Degree
Postgraduate course in engineering resulting in the award of a Master of Engineering (M.E.) or Master of Technology (M.Tech) degree . It is a 2-years course that one can pursue after completing a 4-year undergraduate program in engineering (B.Tech).
Doctoral Course in Engineering
Doctoral of Philosophy in Engineering (Ph.D) is the advanced research course in engineering that has the duration of 3 years. Course duration varies from college to college. Students admitted to the Ph.D. program should have a master degree in respective discipline.
Admissions in the UG and PG engineering courses is done through entrance examination. The admission to undergraduate programs of all the NITs and other reputed engineering colleges is done through Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main). For admission to IITs (Indian Institute of Technology), students have to appear the JEE Advanced.
Some states also organize their own entrance test for providing admission to B.Tech programme. Some state level entrance exams are BCECE conducted by Bihar state, JCECE conducted by Jharkhand state, TS EAMCET by Telangana state, AP EAMCET of Andhra Pradesh state.
If you want to take admission in M.Tech programme, then you have to appear the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE). Some state level entrance test are also conducted for M.Tech admission like AP PGECET, TANCET, CUCET, etc.
Engineers are highly demanded in India as well as in Foreign countries. Career options in this field are huge.
Career Options After B.Tech
After B.Tech, you can go for a job. Some colleges provide campus placement to their students. If you will not get campus placement, then you can apply for the companies by our own. If you have a dream to run your own company then you can also become an entrepreneur.
Career scope in private as well as in government fields is also available. Students can apply for Indian Engineering Services (IES) examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
After B.Tech, students can also go for higher studies and pursue M.tech or MBA.
Career Options After M.Tech
Teaching and research careers are open for engineers who hold postgraduate degrees in engineering. If you are holding M.tech degree then you will get preference or gain higher position in corporate companies. Both private as well as government sector gives priority to candidate with a higher degree.
Jobs & Career
Engineering is one of the best job oriented educational programme across the world. It is a professional educational course.
There are a lot of chances to get the reputed job once done the engineering course.
Today, the world is playing with the technology. Everything is depending on the computerization and above all we are still striving to achieve the height of development.
In that order……
“The world needs experts who are engineers”.
There are various reputed industries in India and in abroad, looking for the engineers.
You will get the job title depending upon your specialization. For example – If you have completed engineering with Computer Science branch then you may be designated as software engineer, software developer, system designer, etc.
Common Job title for engineers are:
- Chief engineer
- Project Engineer
- Senior engineer
- Assistant Engineer
- System Engineer
- Tata motors
- Indian Airlines
- Air India
- Hindustan Lever Ltd
- Tata Engineering Research Institute
The best disciplines & types of engineering are listed as below:
- Civil Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electrical & Electronics Engineering
- Electronics & Communication Engineering
- Computer Science and Engineering
- Electronics & Instrumentation Engineering
- Information Technology
- Automobile Engineering
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Architectural Engineering or Architecture
- Agricultural Engineering
- Petroleum Engineering
- Food Technology
- Textile Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Biochemical Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Manufacturing Engineering
- Material Engineering
- Mechatronics Engineering
- Ocean and Marine Engineering
- Mining Engineering
A fresher engineer can earn the 2.5 lakh to 3.5 lakh per annum in India. But, if he moves to the abroad, he can earn around $80000 to 100000 per annum.
It is a good salaried professional course rather than some others.
Books & Study Materials
Looking for the best books for the preparation of entrance exam like JEE Main or JEE Advanced?….Here, we have listed some books that you can refer for study:
Physics for JEE Main 2017 by Kumar
Understanding Physics for JEE Main & Advanced Optics & Modern Physics (Old Edition) by D.C. Pandey
A Textbook of Organic Chemistry for JEE Main & Advanced and Other Engineering Entrance Examinations by R.K. Gupta
Wiley’s J.D. Lee Concise Inorganic Chemistry for JEE (Main & Advanced) (WIND) by Sudharsan Guha
Modern Approach to Chemical Calculations by R.C. Mukerjee
Play with Graphs – Skills in Mathematics for JEE Main and Advanced (Old Edition) by Amit M. Aggarwal
A Master Resource Book in Mathematics for JEE Main (Old Edition) by Prafull K. Aggarwal
37 Years’ Chapterwise Solved Papers (2015-1979) IIT JEE Chemistry by Ranjeet Shahi
Discussion on IE Irodov’s Problems in General Physics Discussion – 2 (Electrodynamics, Oscillations & Sound, Optics & Modern Physics) by D.B. Singh
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