Civil Engineering


What is Civil Engineering?

This question puzzles us every time when we go for select the right one career in engineering field.

Let’s know about……

If you have interest in design, construction and creativity of natural or physical build environment, then civil engineering is the best disciplines for you to prove your ability and find the career which you wish to.

Civil engineering is second oldest professional degree in the field of engineering. In past, it was known as the “Military Engineering”.

Some of the large and world-wide popular monuments like Taj Mahal, Eifel Tower, Dubai Resort, great wall of China etc are the best example to prove that how important and valuable branch is this?

civil engineering image

In the year 1828, civil engineering declared as the professional programme in London.

If we can describe it in few words, then will say:

Civil Engineering is the art and mechanism of directing the power in nature for use and convenience of man. It is an art to create the developed world around us.”

No doubt that the Civil Engineering is the best art to bring us towards development.

From roads constructions, building constructions, port constructions to river and township planning & construction, all are the workplace for this engineering branch.

Course & Duration

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You can choose the Civil engineering, once you have completed your secondary or Sr. secondary examination.

The academic criterion of civil engineering is divided in three courses/programmes as follows:

  1. Diploma courses leading to the polytechnic diploma of 3 years duration.
  2. UG courses leading to the B.Tech (Bachelor of Technology) degree of 4 years duration.
  3. PG courses leading to the M.Tech (Master of Technology) degree of 2 years duration.

Beside these, it is one of the broad research fields leading to the PhD (Doctor of Philosophy) degree.

Some other courses of Civil Engineering are listed below:

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Civil & Rural Engineering
  • Advance Diploma in Civil Engineering
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Civil Engineering

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Ceramics & Cement Technology
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Civil Infrastructure Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Civil & Transportation Engineering

Master Courses:

  • Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Civil Structural Design
  • Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Building Technology & Construction Management

After the completion of 10th standard, you are only eligible to enter the diploma courses. Once you have done the 12th standard you are fully eligible to choose the UG (B.Tech) programme.

For entering in Civil Engineering, either in diploma or UG, Mathematics and Physics are the compulsory and has to be in qualifying examination.

For entering in PG (M.Tech) programme, B.Tech in civil engineering is must.

So now, you have a complete package of education in Civil Engineering after 10th upto research programme.

Also Check:

Courses After 12th Science

Specialization (Sub-disciplines)

Civil engineering is a deep field of technical education. It has divided in various specializations after completed the B.Tech degree.

For make the masters in specified field by the growing global demand and extending work area, it has the following specialized academic programmes leading to the M.Tech degree.

So many institutions are offering the Distance Education or Online Education in Civil Engineering in India and Abroad.

In most countries, you will have to be certified by the professional body after completion your degree in civil engineering.

For this certification process, you will have to comply a range of conditions including mandatory exam and work experience before being certified. Then you will be designated as the Professional Engineer (USA, Canada & SA), a Chartered Engineer (Commonwealth Countries), and European Engineers (European Countries).

To get admission in civil engineering courses, you are needed to qualify the JEE Main 2024 (national level exam). Candidates can also apply for JEE Advanced 2024, CUET 2024 & GATE 2024 examination for admission to the B.Tech & M.Tech courses respectively. Other state and university level exams are also organized for providing admissions such as BITSAT 2024, IPU CET 2024, BVP CET 2024.

Some good colleges to pursue civil engineering are given here:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Bombay
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Trichy
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT), Surathkal

You may also check:

Top Engineering Entrance Exams

Jobs & Career

“Lots of job opportunities are available for the Civil Engineers in both sectors”.

By the modern civilization and facilitation of current period, there are rich opportunities for civil engineers in entire world. Every country is in the race of development. A civil engineer can play a vital role for doing so.

Yes, you can be a part of this development.

You had chosen this field for today and now the time to prove yourself. You need to have enthusiasm and ability.

Trigger yourself and find the right career.

You can be a part of building developers, town developer, canal works, city planners, road & rail transport developer, dam & bridge developer and any workplace wherein the building/construction/physical creativity or natural resourcing creativity is involved.

After the completion of degree in civil engineering you can go for the public/private sector or government sector as well.

Here are some reputed firms which require the civil engineers whenever:

  • Emmar Properties
  • Marafiz Contracting
  • European Contracting
  • Ralls Contracting
  • Black Cat Eng
  • Sedrat Al Khaleej
  • Silver Falkon
  • Contromet
  • MedGulfPunj Lloyds Ltd
  • White Young
  • PCC
  • Shapoorji and Pallonji
  • Al Jadeed
  • Double Crown
  • Specialized Contracting
  • Unicon Development Constructions
  • PAC Constructions


In India, a student who has cleared the degree in civil engineering can get the offer of salary started from 5 lakh per annum upto 20+ lakh per annum.

In abroad the salary started from the $60000/annum to $100000/annum.

There is no criterion of salary for the brilliant or experienced candidate.

Book & Study Material

During the course of civil engineering, you will get to know about the design, hydraulics, construction, earth mechanism, soil mechanism, construction management, computer methods, structural machine, environmental nature & issues and traffic & transport.

Most of time, students are puzzled when they are being asked about the right book by the right author (accordance to their study).

The top recommended books of Civil Engineering are as the follows:

Basic Civil Engineering by S Ramamrutham

Basic Civil Engineering by Satheesh Gopi

Basics of Civil Engineering by Subhash Chander

Basic Structural Analysis by C.S. Reddy

Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design by N Krishna Raju

Analysis of Structures by T S Thandavamoorthy

Geotechnical Engineering by Donald P Coduto

Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering by Steven L Kramor

Hydraulics & Fluid Mechanics by Modi

For any other queries related to Civil Engineering, you may leave your queries below in the comment box.


  1. Along with this civil engineering we have to do any digital courses outside like any software programs

  2. sir i am complete my b.tec and m.tec in structural engg. from india and then i will go abroade for next study like in sir suggest me which course i wll prefer and afer this any job opputinity.sir plese reply must i will waiting

  3. I have passed diploma in civil Engineering from Rajasthan. I want to do specialition after diploma. Plz tell me if anyone have knowledge in this field or institutes.
    My mobile no.

  4. sir, i recently completed my BE in civil engineering & i wanna go to UAE or any GULF Countries.
    Which type of cadd course or some other thing which make me different than other are requiref there.
    Please inform me that.

    Thanking you

  5. 1) Can i do M-Tech both in construction engineering as well as Transport engg.
    2) what are total additional courses to do that will help in job profile in future.

  6. Sir can you please suggest me that what kind of books is useful to get diploma easily…if any book is there which make ny study not easy then please tell me…
    I am a student of polytecnic 1st year CE

  7. sir, a very confused question had always irritated me that which course (either MBA or is best after completing engineering……… sir, please answer with all your experienced through all side of judging ………plzzzz

  8. Thanks for the information sir,
    I have completed my 1st year now ,and my branch is civil so , from which year I ,try for GATE or which type of effort I have to take for quality the GATE??

  9. Sir mai 3rd year me hu civil engineering me aur mere year back ho chuka hai to kya mai job apply kr paunga ?? Yards mujhe my. Tech krna chahiye

  10. Sir I’m lavanya I’m completed dimploma in civil engineering after completion of b tech which jobs suits me

  11. i am completed my 12 standard and i am going to take civil engineering so any can give me a brief explanation pls and i am good at physics and little bad in math but i can understand
    clear pls give me tips

  12. Sir,i am pursing 3rd year after complete my what kind of job’s are available in CE plz tell me the ans

  13. sir could you tell me i have scored 236 in UPTU and i want to do civil engg. so would i get a good college or not?

    1. Sir, I have got 26.72 marks in Gate 2016. I want to do P.G. in civil engg.
      Can you plz guide me for getting a good govt college?

  14. Hello,
    Im final year student of Diploma in civil. I want a best College for my B.arch course. e.g. JJ mumbai.
    or I am ready to go abroad. But lack of guidance I’m li’l confused. Please Tell me the r8 path

  15. main chahunga ki hindi mein bhie post ko dala karein…
    thanks for detail civil engineering….

  16. Sir,,,
    Iam currently studying in class 11. I wud like to pursue engineering..wich is the best engineering course………??

  17. Sir iam in 3rd year civil engineering .after complete I want to jobs..plz tell me .what job is best..

  18. Sir m in 3rd year now n m get sam back also because of it m so tens nd confoused wht to do for further studies and m want to go out of india for further studies sir if u have time then sir pls help me m so.tense about my future

  19. sir i am releved student civil engineering waiting for b tech certificate as i have back logs i want to spend my time in right way..
    plz.. sugest me.

  20. sir i am releved student waiting for b tech certificate as i have back logs i want to spend my time in right way..
    plz.. sugest me.

  21. I had done diploma good in physics but not that good in maths. What should I do, go for the or job in design engineer

  22. Sir i am in civil engeneeing
    3rd year . i am confused which course i should pick or mba after my btech is finished.. which one is more suitable..

    1. Hai i am sharoz
      I completed b-tech recently
      Furdhar studies i choose the
      Master of architecture
      (M.arc) this is leading position this is the best choice for creative students
      Salary also hyper in worldwide and also india
      Biggsh companys are to recruit engineer’s to prefer first choice to architecture

  23. Sir…I am in civil engineering 1st year.i m confused about that what will be good for me to do me in India or foreign country though after complete me I wanget to get good job of salary at least 2 lakh.please give me suggestion..if I have to do ME in foreign what should I have to do from now.and at least how much percent I have to score in BE????

  24. Sir i m a final yr student and want to go in structural field;since i m a fresher so how can i get job in structural field…??
    Plz suggest me sir.

    1. First you should look for a job to gain some experience, you can apply for the jobs of structural engineer, after that you can do specialization in structural engineering.

  25. Sir ; after completing btech. In civil engg, can i go to research field and whats its procedure to go into it?

    1. you’ve to first complete your PG and then apply for UGC NET exam, after qualifying that exam you can pursue research in your selected field.

  26. Sir
    I am studend for diploma in civil engg.last year studend .
    Sir main professor rank ki job krna chahta hu .
    Plz – mujhe shi advice d

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