Genetic Engineering

Today, Genetic Engineering is one of the top career choices made by students in engineering courses.

What is Genetic Engineering?

Genetic Engineering is also referred as genetic modification. It is a process of manually adding new DNA to a living organism through artificial methods.

Genetic Engineering is a method of physically removing a gene from one organism and inserting it to another and giving it the ability to express the qualities given by that gene.

Some examples of genetic engineering are Faster-growing trees, Bigger, longer-lasting tomatoes, Glow in the dark cats, Golden rice, Plants that fight pollution, banana vaccine, etc.

“Genetic Engineering is that field which is related to genes & DNA. Genetic engineering is used by scientists to improve or modify the traits of an individual organism”.

Want to know more about it?

An organism which is generated by applying genetic engineering is called as genetically modified organism (GMO). The first GMO were Bacteria generated in 1973 and GM mice in 1974.

career in genetic engineeringThe techniques of genetic engineering have been applied in various fields such as research, agriculture, industrial biotechnology, and medicine. Genetic engineering focuses on biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, evolutionary biology, and medical genetics.

The term “genetic engineering” was firstly used by Jack Williamson in Dragons Island a science fiction novel. In 1973 Paul Berg – father of genetic engineering invents a method of joining DNA from two different organisms.

Get career tips in Genetic Engineering through email or sms by filling this form: 
Please wait...

Applications of Genetic Engineering

Genetic engineering is used in medicine, research, industry and agriculture and can also be used on a wide range of plants, animals and micro organisms.

Medicine – Genetic engineering in the field of medicine is used in manufacturing drugs. The concepts of genetic engineering have been applied in doing laboratory research and in gene therapy.

Agriculture – In Agriculture, genetic engineering is used to create genetically modified crops or genetically modified organisms in order to produce genetically modified foods.

Research – Scientists uses the genetic engineering in their various researches. Genes from various organisms are converted into bacteria for storage and modification, creating genetically modified bacteria.

Courses & Eligibility

What are the courses in this field?

You may also check:

Courses After 12th Science

Genetic engineering is a specialization of biotechnology. It can also be studied as a separate specialization. There are many undergraduate and postgraduate courses available in this field. Some most sought courses opted by students for genetic engineering are listed below:

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Genetic Engineering
  • B.Sc in Genetic Engineering

Master Courses:

  • Master of Engineering in Genetic Engineering
  • Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Genetic Engineering
  • M.Sc in Genetic Engineering


Here, we are mentioning some specializations available in genetic engineering. These are as follows:

  • Clinical genetics
  • Behavioral genetics
  • Classical genetics
  • Genomics
  • Population, quantitative and ecological genetics
  • Molecular genetics
  • Genetic algorithms

Also Check:

Courses After 12th


For admission in UG courses, students must have passed 12th Science exam. In India, most of the colleges give admission on the basis of ranks secured in JEE Main 2021. Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main) is usually conducted in the month of April. Some institutions also provides admission on merit basis. For IITs, it is necessary for students to qualify JEE Advanced 2021 after clearing JEE Main.

For admission in PG courses, students should hold a bachelor degree in genetic engineering from any recognized university. Mostly GATE 2021 score card will be considered for admission in pg courses. On the basis of GATE scores, candidates can apply for admission in Master of Engineering/ Master of Technology courses.

Top colleges which offers various courses in genetic engineering:

  • Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur
  • Indian Institute of Science, (IISc), Bangalore
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Madras
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Career Options

“Today, demand for genetic engineers is rising in India as well as abroad.”

After pursuing courses in genetic engineering, you can work in medical and pharmaceutical industries, research and development departments, agricultural sector, genetic engineering firms, chemical companies, etc. A genetic engineer can work in both private and public sectors.

Genetic engineering graduates are required in government as well as private organizations.

There is a great growth of genetic engineering in India as well as in abroad. With the increasing number of biotech firms in India, the future scope in genetic engineering is good.

The graduates of this field can also opt teaching as a career. Numerous colleges are introducing genetic engineering course in their colleges and for that they recruit professionals of this field.

To become a genetic engineering research scientist, you need a doctoral degree in a biological science. The genetic engineering research scientist can become project leaders or administrators of entire research programs.

Responsibilities of a genetic engineer:

  • A genetic engineer need to be aware of the concepts of the subjects its present and also future prospects.
  • The study and research work should be conducted and kept under proper care by the engineers.
  • Genetic engineers needed to be connected or maintain contacts with various firms and industries.
  • Extend their work timing in case of special projects.

Top Recruiters

The National Institute of Immunology, New Delhi

The Centre for DNA Fingerprint and Diagnostics, Hyderabad

The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology, Delhi

Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre, Chandigarh


How much salary should I expect as a genetic engineering?

Salary packages of a genetic engineer are based on qualification, experience, working area, etc. You can get a handsome salary package after gaining the sufficient experience in this field.

The average salary of a well-qualified genetic engineer is Rs. 20,000 to 35,000 per month. They can earn more in the private sector as compared to the public sector.

Books & Study Materials

Which are the best books for genetic Engineering?

Here we have listed some books which will help you throughout your studies:

  • Genetic Engineering by Desmond Nicoll
  • Principles of Gene Manipulation: An Introduction to Genetic Engineering” by Old RW, Primrose SB
  • Molecular cloning by Sambrooks and Russel
  • Current Protocols in Molecular Biology by Ansubel FM, Brent R
  • Methods In Enzymology by Berger Sl, Kimmer AR
  • Introduction to Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering by A.J. Nair
  • Techniques in Genetic Engineering by Aksan Kurnaz
  • The Practical Handbook of Genetic Algorithms Applications by Chapman and Hall/CRC

For any queries regarding Genetic Engineering, you may leave your comments below.

Displaying 84 Comments
  1. Richa Jain says:

    Can I opt for genetic engineering being a biology student?

  2. Neha says:

    At present I am studying 2ndyr btech in genetic engineering.. I want to know which lab is correct for internship.. As well as which course is good for MSc..

  3. Geetika says:

    Can we get btech genetic engineering in NITs?

  4. abirami says:

    Respected Sir ,
    I’m interested in genetic engineering . Currently I’m in 10th std. What should i do to pursue it as my career . Which college is best for genetic engineering ? What study materials should I use ?

  5. Sonam rajput says:

    I have done my graduation in ( medical ) with botany ,zoology,chemistry, and then I want to do ( genetic engineering) ,is it possible for me to do this ,if yes then what is the best college in Delhi for genetic engineering

  6. Yashaswini says:

    Sir I am in class 11 so which institution is best for this field & which examinations should I give for BSc . & MSc in genetic engineering.

  7. Nishanth says:

    Sir i didn’t apply for JEE exam
    Iam studying 12. What can i do sir

  8. Shalini .m says:

    Which is the best colleage for msc genetics,

  9. Nikita says:

    I am studying in 11th science class I want to become research scientist in genetics then what should I do.

  10. Ananya says:

    Hello! What should I do to have genetic engineering?? Now I’m in BSC 3rd Year.

  11. Divyang Savaliya says:

    How to apply for genetic engineering after BSc.Biotechnology and best institutions
    and that procedure

  12. Anaina says:

    After bsc biochemistry shall I get admission in Msc genetic engineering

  13. Varnika says:

    How to apply for genetic engineering after 12th and best institutions

  14. Monisha says:

    Sir please say how to apply genetic engineering

  15. Ashwini says:

    Sir how can I apply for genetic engineering ,and there scope for ladies in genetics

  16. priya says:

    how pls explain how can I get admission in Boi technology without Jee exams.

  17. Your Name... says:

    ensure colleges for genetic engineering.go directly and approach is better to choose genetics instead of genetic engineering.

  18. Suyanka mayur says:

    Sir , I have completed my Graduation ( B.Sc , Botany honours ) ..
    Can I became a genetic engineer .
    If yes then what should I do after Graduation..
    Please guide me sir .

  19. sathya shree says:

    give me some information regarding the job offers for genetic engineering.. and also give me the top colleges which offer genetic engineering in south India

  20. Your Name... says:

    is there a wide scope for genetic engineering in india? give me some information about job offers in india with the same…

  21. Abinaya says:

    Which is the best course ?

  22. Abinaya says:

    sir,i’m interested on genetic engineering bt how can i apply..plz sir inform me.

  23. suravi says:

    please help my 12th sub. PCMB but math marks 48 can i apply jeemain and addmition genetics engineering.

  24. Bhagyashree says:

    I’m working as a Scientific officer in Lilac Insights witch serves genetic testings .. I I’m interested in genetic engineering. Can you plz guide me

  25. Sudharshan says:

    I am studying 12th class right now. After my Jee mains exams. What can I persue. I am interested in genetics so can I do genetic engineering

  26. Krishna says:

    Hi I am doing Cambridge syllabus O level this year 2018 2019. Can you guide me for Genetic engineering college studies in India and the fee structure for studies

  27. Manvi says:

    After 12th can I take admission in genetically engineering…?

  28. Hera says:

    I am a biotechnology student and want a career in genetic engineering.What should i do after pursuing

  29. joicy says:

    I m science student B group… In 12 th board exam I fail in 2 subject physics and chemistry.
    Can I get admission in gentic engineerings

  30. Syed Ibrahim says:

    I like this course but marks are down so I can’t take and I am attempt my mother health is down so I need to take care my father is dead I am only one son to my mother I take care of her I lose my marks and exams………..

  31. sasi says:

    nepalese student can get admission or not ????

  32. Dhwani says:

    What is the general cut-off for this course in IIT Delhi?

  33. Poornima Devi says:

    Hai, I am a btech Genetic engineering graduate and I want to pursue a career in medical health care, which course will be suitable and what position will I get after post graduation.

    • Sathwik says:

      I have taken admission in bharath university may i know about genetic engneering feild about it… Do i have placements in genetic engneering

  34. kiran says:

    i have completed my puc and i have written cet and neet exam now how can i join for genetic engineering say the procedure

  35. Mounish says:

    Plz tell me in Genetic engineering colleges in Andhrapradesh

  36. Ann says:

    Can I go for genetic engineering if I haven’t applied for JEE MAIN

  37. Rajendra says:

    Please tell me some best biotechnilogy or genetic engineering college/universities

  38. Tejaswini Ranaware says:

    For genetic engineering we can pursue B.E.,B.Tech and B.Sc. too. But I want to know which one is best among them? Or what is difference in among these courses?

  39. Devanshi says:

    Can medical student do genetic engineering.
    Suggest some other courses like it for medical

  40. Vedangi Walanj says:

    want to know more about genetic engg, currently am appearing 12th science side

  41. Chand says:

    I am interested in genetic engineering course if availability in Gujarat India so good college is required for the same.

  42. Vinita says:

    If a student not appeared in jee mains then how he/she apply for genetic engineer

  43. Srilalitha says:

    I have applied for a jee paper 1
    Now I want to apply for genitic English. It’s possible

  44. Srishti Sinku says:

    PCBM or PCB in 12th cannot opt for genetic engineering ??

  45. sandhya says:

    I’m currently doing my B. Tech in Biotechnology….am i eligible to study M.Tech in genetic engineering. Pls do rly me

  46. Ankush Kumar saini says:

    Sir, mein b.Tech 1st year ka student hu Kya mein I.E.O
    and KVPY me application form fill kar Sakta hu. Kis year me fill karu
    Please replay

  47. Pragati Gopinath says:

    Currently im interested in doing Btech Biotechnology Engineering.After that can I persue Mtech Genetic Engineering ? Plzzz do rply

  48. Shabana says:

    Can we do genetic engineering after mbbs

  49. gourav goswami says:

    How can I get a scope to join in a genetic engineering course after passing the exam of class 12

  50. Dharnesh says:

    how can i join a genetic engineering college?on which basis i can join?

  51. Nitin Khatri says:

    What subject would be taken for genetic engineering,math or biology? Please answer me.

  52. Pritika says:

    Can I get admission for genetic engineering on the basis of CET and NEET

  53. shweta says:

    how can i take admission in genetic enginnering and what is the procedure

  54. G.sudha says:

    My daughter is in +1 taken maths biology group.she is interested in genetic what should be her career option ?

  55. pankaj yadav says:

    sir, is maths compulsory in 12th standard to study for biotechnology. i have taken biology will get admission in genetic engineering college. if yes, then what exams will i have to clear for admission in genetic engineering college.

  56. Sritheja says:

    I have completed my Can I pursue my Msc in genetic engineering

  57. Swapna says:

    Can I know more about genetic engineering

  58. Rahul Gawarguru says:

    I am presently doing a BSc.Biotechnology after 12th(Biology).am I eligible for MSc.Genetic Engineering ????

    How can I seek admission for that?

  59. SHAIK khaja moinuddin says:

    I am a bipc student I want to study btech genetic engineering but there is mathematics in it is it going to difficult or easy

  60. Atharva Nimje says:

    I am interested in genetic engineering, I have passed 10th, now I am in 11th Std, pl inform me which subject I have to choose in 11th & 12th

  61. Akash Nawkhare says:

    Can I get the admission in genetic engineering on the basis of MHT CET.

  62. Shrinath says:

    Is bsc genetics course is best and how to apply for that ?

  63. Priya says:

    Can I do genetic engineering even if I haven’t appeared for JEE entrance exam ??

  64. anita nair says:

    My daughter is interested in doing genetic engineering is has just completed her Xth exam and waiting for result we need guidance for the same is there any entrance exam pls guide us

  65. Manjiri says:

    Entrance exam required rather JEE for genetic engineering?

  66. Seema Agrawal says:

    Are Mathematics n Biology both required for genetic engineering????

    • Zain says:

      No.. Either Maths or biology is the qualifying subject for graduation in Genetic engineering or Biotechnology. This course is providing a lot of job opportunities nowadays as new innovations are happening in science and technology. You can search for the courses like Bsc. Biotechnology/ Genetics. Be careful to select the institutes where proper lab conditions and equipment are available for the course. You can visit the sites of Universities like Benares Hindu University, Lovely Professional University, Amity etc where you can avail enjoyable campus life and better placements after your Graduation.
      Best Wishes..

  67. nivedha says:

    Bsc in genetic engineering what can we do shall we obtain for msc or MBA

  68. shubhavasant says:

    After 12th what a student should do to persue a carrier in genetic engineering ?

  69. Pronab mala says:

    sir,i’m interested on genetic engineering bt how can i apply..plz sir inform me.

  70. Saqib says:

    I want some more information

  71. divya says:

    Very usefull

Leave a comment


Last 1 Day Left for SarvGyan Scholarship Test (Rs 2 Lac) Registration

Get Updates Download Brochure