Career In Genetics

Why do we resemble like our parents?……………How does a single cell develop into a living creature?………….Do you want to know about the science of heredity in living organisms?

Genetics is the answers of all these questions.

Genetics is the study of science in which we studies how living things inherits features such as hair color, eye color, and risk for disease from their ancestors.

In genetics, a feature of an organism is called a “trait”.

These traits are described by the genetic information carried by a molecule called DNA.

In a simple way, we defined it as:

“Genetics is the field of medical courses where, we study about heredity, genetic variation & genetic in living beings. It is also known as “Science of Heredity”.

The term genetics comes from an ancient Greek word “genetikos” which means “genitive”/”generative” that in turn derives from genesis that means “origin”.


A scientist who studies genetics is called a geneticist.

The father of genetics is Gregor Mendel, who was a late 19th-century scientist and Augustinian friar.

When the fundamentals of genetics are applied in engineering then, it is referred as Genetic Engineering.

Benefits of Genetics Courses:

  • You can find job opportunities in hospitals, pharmaceutical companies and other health services.
  • It guides you about the operations of clinical biochemical genetics diagnostic laboratories.
  • After completing B.Sc in genetics, you can also go for the further courses like M.Sc, Ph.D, etc.
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Also Check – Courses After 12th Science

Courses & Duration

Genetics courses are quite popular in India. You can pursue the bachelor, master & a doctoral degree in this field. It is important for the study of microbiology, cell biology, Bio-Technology & biochemistry.

The role of the geneticist is very crucial for various things such as cancer research, unborn defects, DNA samples & etc.

A geneticist works in both medical & scientific fields in gaining a better understanding of mutation, reproduction & cell growth.

Candidates can apply for AIIMS PG 2020, NEET PG 2020 and JIPMER PG 2020 to apply for this course.

The various courses in genetics are mentioned below:

Undergraduate Courses:

  • Bachelor of Science in Genetics (B.Sc. (Genetics))
  • Bachelor of Science Honors in Genetics (B.Sc (Hons.) Genetics)
  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Genetics, Microbiology & Chemistry

Postgraduate Courses:

  • Master of Philosophy in Genetics (M.Phill.(Genetics))
  • Master of Science in Genetics (M.Sc.(Genetics))
  • Master of Science Honors in Genetics (M.Sc (Hons.) Genetics)
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Applied Genetics
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Biomedical Genetics
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Human Genetics
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Molecular Biology and Human Genetics
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Microbial Genetics and Bioinformatics
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Stem Cell and Tissue Engineering

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Genetics (Ph.D. (Genetics))
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) in Human Genetics

Admission & Eligibility

Also Check: Courses After 12th

If you are interested in admission in bachelor courses, you have to complete higher secondary examination with Physics, Chemistry & Biology. The duration of this course is three years. Some colleges also conduct an aptitude test for admission in B.Sc Genetics degree course.

To get admissions in master courses, you must have done a bachelor’s degree in the relevant field from any recognized college or university. Some institutions also give admission in genetic courses on the basis of the merit list of the qualifying examination.

Some of the specialized fields of Genetics are:

  • Quantitative Genetics
  • Ecological Genetics
  • Population Genetics
  • Human genetics
  • Immunogenetics
  • Medical genetics
  • Conservation Genetics
  • Classical Genetics
  • Molecular Genetics

Are there any good colleges in India to pursue genetic courses?

Top colleges in India that offers these courses:

  • Government Science College, Karnataka
  • University of Delhi
  • I.M.S University
  • Maharshi Dayanand University
  • Guru Nanak Dev University

Career & Jobs

What skills or personality characteristics should a geneticist possess?

Good Geneticists have a passion & curiosity related to the genetic basis of health and disease. If you want to be successful at the job, you must have a patience, good communication skills & perseverance. Those students in interested to make their career in genetics, should take science and mathematics as possible in the high school and college.

Who Hires Geneticists? Where Do They Work?

There are a lot of career opportunities in the field of biology, biomedical and life Sciences. The job opportunity for a genetics degree holder is continuing to expand. The genetic employees are not sufficient now, that’s why the demand of genetics continues to increase. Geneticists can work in various capacities for many different types of employers. Some Employment area where you work after studying genetics course:

  • Hospitals
  • Military
  • DNA Forensics Department
  • Universities
  • Consultancies
  • Pharmaceutical Industry & Suppliers
  • Agricultural Firms
  • Research Institutes
  • Animal Breeding Industry

Some of the Job Profiles are:

  • Assistant Professor
  • Genetics Laboratory Technician
  • Clinical Geneticist
  • Regulatory Process Manager
  • Biotech Sales Engineer
  • Consultant
  • Museum Educator
  • Nutritionist
  • Pharmaceuticals
  • Senior Scientific Officer
  • Principal Plant Breeder
  • Channel Enablement Specialist
  • Data Specialist – Advanced Analytics
  • Technical Solution Manager

Some of the major employers geneticist in India are:

  • Tata Memorial Centre
  • Indian Society of Cell Biology
  • Bcs-Insilico Biology

Salary Package

How much salary you earn working in the field of genetics?

Your salary will be depended on your qualification, experience, location, etc. The starting salary of the geneticist is Rs. 20000 to Rs. 25000 in India. Students have a bachelor degree in genetics, they can earn 3.5 lakh to 5 lakh per year. In the USA, the average annual base salary of geneticists is $159,339 to $194,895.

“As more experience, you gain in this field, the higher salary packages will be offered in both public as well as private sector”.

Books & Study Material

Here we have listed the some of the best books on Genetics:

  • Genome: The Autobiography of a Species In 23 Chapters by Matt Ridley
  • The Selfish Gene by Richard Dawkins
  • Evolutionary Genomics and Proteomics, by Mark Pagel and Andrew Pomiankowski
  • Genetics by Robert J. Brooker
  • The Origins of Genome Architecture by Michael Lynch
  • Genetics: Analysis and Principles, by Robert Booker
  • Rosalind Franklin: The Dark Lady of DNA by Brenda Maddox
  • New Patterns in Genetics and Development by CH Waddington
  • Neural Networks and Genome Informatics by Catherine H. Wu
  • In the Name of Eugenics: Genetics and the Uses of Human Heredity by Daniel Kevles
  • Genetic Maps and Human Imaginations by Barbara Katz Rothman

For more information regarding Genetics, ask your queries below.

Displaying 95 Comments
  1. Varshita says:

    Iam in 12th now will Bsc genetics be a good career for me …will i get a good college and salary with this…What are all the steps to complete the study of Genetics fully.

  2. mohd sufyan farooqui says:

    sir which type of maths required for msc genetics

  3. Zanira Niraz says:

    My curriculum of education was CBSE in secondary and Higher secondary. I am a student who did my schooling in the middle east. Is it possible for me to get a merit admission in any university in India for genetics?

  4. biswajit says:

    I want to msc in genomics a good carrer options? is there any difference between msc in genetics and genomics?

  5. S. Abirami says:

    Sir l have completed only 12th l am very eager to know about genetics in plant field what is the procedure to get on to this plant genetics course help me sir

    • Sarvgyan Team says:

      After 12th you can take admission in various UG courses related to field of Genetics. To know about various UG courses, you can check the article.

  6. Aftab malik says:

    I have done can i do in genetics

    • Sarvgyan Team says:

      You can go through the list of PG courses in genetics through this article for your further studies. Complete details regarding career in genetics is provided in the article.

  7. Samreen says:

    How genetist can work with military ? And does it important to study maths for this ? And which entrance i have to give for this corse

  8. Muthulakshmi P says:

    Sir now I am studying M.Sc. Molecular Genetics final year but I don’t which job is applicable for me. After finish my studies what I will do. Kindly reply me

  9. Preethi says:

    I want to study bsc in germany through aiims… can i sir….??

  10. Hemendrajit .Elangbam says:

    Im about to finish agricuculture and have passion to study plantgenetics. Please can I know a career option regarding this firm both in India as well as U.S

  11. Md vaheed says:

    I am doing my bsc right now is any entrance exam needed to do genetic engineering

  12. lisa anna jiju says:

    I’m in 12th right now
    is neet required for bsc genetics eligibility in any college in India?
    is maths required for bsc genetics?
    i’ve taken PCMB ( PUC-Bangalore) and i’m learning board level Maths.

  13. Athulya m says:

    I am a bsc genetic student. May i get any job wuthout taking msc or any other related to genetics??

  14. Aakanksha says:

    I’m doing bsc in genetics. My goal is to reach phd in human genetics. What should I do to reach my goal

  15. sujay says:

    sir I’m doing Bsc genetics I wanna pursue my dream of becoming geneticist …so can I do my Msc genetics in USA

  16. MAHADESH says:

    Can i open my own lab after msc genetics

  17. Himanshu says:

    Sir is it necessary that the candidates appears in neet is only capable of this course

  18. Apurba Das says:

    Sir, I am studying in B.H.M.S course and also interested in this course.How can I appliance for this course? Also can I study this course after complete my bachelor course?

  19. Pranay says:

    I just done B.Sc in zoology & I want to get masters degree in genetically field so what I want to do for this ?

  20. Aishwarya patil says:

    Sir i am studying 2nd year of M.B.B.S. I am interested in genetics.can you help me what i shuld do after completing M.B.B.S. to get into genetics field

  21. B. Rukmani says:

    I wanted to know about the career scope and salary of genetic engineering in abroad and India

  22. Atchaya says:

    Which courses is beneficial for genetic engineering Bsc/Msc or Btech/Mtech.doesIIT college provide these courses?

  23. Roshini says:

    I have completed my 12th pcmb.
    Bsc microbiology and Bsc genetic among this which is good to pursue .
    Pls answer this

  24. Jahanvi says:

    Sir is bsc in genetics degree from india valid for pursuing msc in genetics in usa ?

  25. Chandana says:

    I have completed 2nd pic I am willing to do genetics will you help me

  26. Sejal pawar says:

    Sir, I am in 12th now and I’m interested in genetics so what should I do after 12th to go for genetic engineering

  27. Tharun says:

    Now i’m complete my bsc 2nd year in bsc bzc.after 3rd year i want to study msc could you help which is best university to study genetics.

  28. Tomcy says:

    Hai i’m a bsc medical biochemistry student ,what should be my qualification for msc genetics

  29. SK sania says:

    Hi guys!I have completed my 12th &I decided to go genetics field.can that field provide a good job sources in future. Plz help me iam in full confusion!

  30. Poornima says:

    I have completed my 2nd pu successfully now I’m willing to do bsc genetics can you tell me in detail about this course

  31. Sumaiya says:

    Actually I want to know…recently I have completed my PUC when does Bsc ( genetics’s) clge starts…please do inform me

  32. Rajumalavath says:

    Sir I was completed my 12 I have interested bsc genetics can u explain highest salary jobs ofter completing bsc geneticks

    • Jismi says:

      Please don’t take Bsc in Genetics unless you’d want to work in laboratories. India is not much popular in this sector. So it’s better to find Bsc in a basic subject.

  33. Anjali says:

    I have completed my bachlors in biotechnology and masters in genetics from maharashtra..
    Now I’m married and moved to USA
    I’m eligible to do job here in USA..
    Soo where should I find job..
    I’m more interested in wet lab
    Should I join in a hospital or any research centre?
    Plz reply …
    Plz help

  34. Aarthi says:

    Hi im studying 1st year bsc medical genetics I have to know about what are the jobs required related to my course and then I don’t any about this plzz help me plz rply for my request I need what are the jobs details plz

  35. Javeria says:

    I just done B.Sc in botany zoology & I want to get masters degree in genetically field so what I want to do for this ?

  36. Sowmiya says:

    I want to pursue my career in genetics. Which Clg should I choose for Msc genetics.sir Pls can u help me

  37. Riya says:

    Respected sir/mam … Im the student of bhms…
    So can I get admission to msc genetics after completing my recent degree…??.
    Pls reply..

  38. Mahima raval says:

    Is it okay going with genetics in masters as per Iam a second bsc biotechnology student

    • Jis says:

      You can choose Msc Genetics after your Bsc in Biotechnology. But to get job in this field is little difficult. Because in companies they seek for Applied Genetic graduates. And all you can do with Msc Genetic is to work in clinics or you can pursue phD.

  39. Laxmi J says:

    Is Maths compulsory till 12th for Genetic engineering?

    • Jis says:

      If you’re a non maths student then it’s not, but if you’ve had maths in your 12th then they’ll calculate your maths mark within it. And there are 3 Maths papers in Genetic engineering.

  40. Navya says:

    sir im doing my bsc in microbiology genetics and biochemistry. can i get any job after bsc. please help me!

  41. Jayashree says:

    Hello sir,
    I’m doing MSc human genetics. I’m in first year. I would like to know the companies offering job opportunities. The basic salary that I can get after completion of course. In need for guidance. Hope you can help me …

    • sowmiyaYour Name... says:

      hi…im studying Bsc genetics.. I lik to study human genetics masters after this…can u help me n I would lik to know which Clg r u studying

  42. Saiteja says:

    Sir i completed my 12th standard i want to build my career in genetics soo could please help me how to proceed. Will be there any special exam for entrance into gentics field or seats are allowed based on neet plz provide me information

  43. Samhitha says:

    Now iam in 2 bsc (cbz) . And I want to take msc genetics. Is it possible.

  44. Sai says:

    Sir,I completed 12th standard,and I’m interested to join in genetics.
    How can I get admission in colleges ,is there any entrance exam? Please inform me

  45. prachi d jadhao says:

    I have completed my bsc in life science in that i had 3 subject biotechnology biochemistry and genetic. And now I want to do my pg in genetic so I need more information in this carrier and also need information about reproduction (the test tube baby labs).

  46. harshini says:

    Am bsc final yr in microbiology nw i want to study msc in genetics is it a btr option to choose genetics after msc in which felids can i get job and how much salary can i earn please help.

  47. Tasmai Bharadwaj says:

    Sir,is Maths needed for genetic engineering

  48. Aman Srivastav says:

    Sir, i am interested in genetics so what should I do after passing BSc with botany zoology chemistry?

    • Hrishikesh Kulkarni says:

      I have completed Bsc in botany and Msc in Env.sciences. During my graduation I developed interest in genetics. Now I wish to work/ get job in the field of genetics.please guide me

  49. ravi says:

    i am interested in genetics but iwant more salary is choosin genetics will be good for my career ? and where itis better to do bsc ad msc genetics

    • Grishika says:

      I am pursuing my 12th and I want to build my career in the genetics field. How would be the future and scope of getting a job with a good package of pay after 6 to 7 years?

  50. Amandeep singh dhesi says:

    Sir I want to know that as I am passed ouf secondary with 78% mg parents wants that I should do a course in which I can get success and after that I made a decision to enroll in bsc genetics is it good to took this course ?

  51. rahul says:

    sir i done bsc (hons) in human genetics can i do msc in microbiology

  52. pallvi says:

    sir i done bsc(hs) in human genetics can i do msc in zoology

  53. Tabassum Shafayet says:

    What is best for future, btech or BSc in genetics

  54. vani says:

    Hi, i am interested to do bsc genetics. can anyone suggest me colleges? and how would be the future with genetic degree?? is it manditory to do msc genetics? can i get a job in dna labs??

  55. Jay Patel says:

    Suggested for genetics college in Gujarat

  56. better says:

    May I know genetic engineering can be studied by MPC?

  57. Debidyuti Debnath says:

    I had PCB in class 12th. Maths was my optional subject. I didn’t scored good marks in Maths. I Scored 37 out of 100. So can I apply for genetic engineering course.

  58. Sai priya says:

    Sir I have completed my 12th standard in 2017 and I got 97percent Iam interested in genetics and biotechnology which field I have to choose and I need respect in society and good salary so sir please suggest any good clg in andhrapradesh and telangana plz give me reply sir you have been very helpful to me and what I have to study in future

    • Nikhil varma says:

      Hey could you please tell me what else did you know about the career you chose?I have the same interest and same plan and same study.I’m planning a career too.So please contact me

  59. Sneha.s says:

    Sir can please suggest me a best college for pursuing genetic engineering

    • Aman says:

      If u want to do genetic engineering through btech then go for srm and dy patil or else if u want ti do it through msc you can fir your state colleges iffering it

  60. Aman says:

    Is it necessary to have maths for genetic engineering because i havent chose maths..

  61. mithlesh trivedi says:

    Can i became a genertic scientist with bsc and msc in biotechnology.

  62. saisudha says:

    sir i have completed my 12th science in 2016 with 95%.sir iam interested in genetics.sir please send me what are the colleges offering bsc genetics.and how to get admission in it.sir please send reply.

    • Your Name...mithlesh trivedi says:

      I love also genetics u can choose the biotechnology and bioinformatic for it.

    • Your Name...mithlesh trivedi says:

      I love also genetics u can choose the biotechnology and bioinformatic for it.
      U choose the Central universities and also try to iiser.

  63. Sakshi says:

    Sir can u suggest me best collage for genetic engineering in kolkata

  64. Sushma says:

    I have just completed my 12th. I had only physics, chemistry and biology as my subject. I did not take mathematics. Am I eligible to pursue a career in genetics ?
    Which colleges offer this course in Maharashtra ?

    • Sarvgyan Team says:

      Yes, you can.

      • Kuldeep Thakuria says:

        Sir, I have appeared 12 class in science stream with Phy,Chem, Biology & Maths and keen inrested to study Genetic engg ahead. Unfortunately, I have missed to appear in counselling at SRM University as per schedule for my father’s I’ll health.Can you show me any possible way without huge donation. Can anybody help me to get admission in please.
        A request from poor student please…
        Kuldeep Thakuria.

  65. Mala says:

    I am Mala I am doing Bsc in mlt I applicable for MSC cytogenetics or MSC microbiology



  67. Ankit says:

    A am doing. Bsc in boatny hang zoology, can I applicable for MSC in molecular genetics

  68. Venky says:

    Sir,i want to know, is molecular biology equally important to genetics and where are they hired and their salary package.

  69. Iam Devaraj says:

    I liked this info by the publishers and I wish to have some more depth info regarding genetics

  70. Himanshu says:

    May I know how is Institute Of Genetic Engineering, Kolkata for study of genetics in India?
    Also I wanted to know about Conserbation and Evolutionary Genetics. Please Help

  71. Namitha says:

    I would like to know more career options in the branch of genetics in India as well as U.S

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