Career in Pathology

Pathology is the demanding and evergreen field of medicine and diagnosis. Demand of pathologist is never ended. However, career scope in this field is vast.

The word Pathology is derived from the Greek word Pathos and Logia. Meaning of Pathos is “experience or suffering” and Logia means “Study of”.

In general, we can say that pathology is the “study of disease”.

“It is the branch of science concerned with testing the samples of body tissue in order to diagnose the problem and diseases”.

Medical pathology is categorized as clinical pathology and anatomic pathology. Clinical pathology is the study of disciplines of microbiology, immunology, clinical chemistry and Haematology. Anatomic pathology  comprises the study of cellular and tissue.

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Who are Pathologist?

A pathologist is a physician who examines the tissues and checks the accuracy of lab tests. Pathologist plays a very important role in the health care of a patient. In a pathology, various laboratory tests are conducted on the samples of a patient that facilitate the patient’s diagnosis and treatment.

career in pathology

If you want to become a pathologist and looking for the courses then you are at right place. Below, we have listed some most sought pathology courses.

Also Check: Popular Medical Courses

What Did Pathologists Do?

Some of the activities given below which are performed by the pathologists:

  • Pathologists make diagnoses using a microscope
  • Pathologists do indulge in trying to find out what diseases are affecting living patients.
  • They do testing and the amount of quality control involved in a diagnosis.
  • They use laboratory tests to monitor the health of patients with chronic conditions.
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The role of Pathologists in medical chain is diverse so, there are many job designations for them. You can choose pathology to specialize in a particular branch of histopathology and cytopathology and further join an organization which deals mostly with that specialty.

Pathologists generally function in three broad areas- classified as diagnosticians in hospitals; investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and universities.

If you choose to go the clinical pathology, you may need to work for private or corporate institutions.  Aspirants can also join top hospitals like AIIMS (All India institute of Medical Sciences) and in military and government agencies like the National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Food and Drug Administration.

From a financial point of view, new pathologists may be recruited for an average salary depending on the organization, working hours and job description. You may have to get some additional experience before getting appointed as a consultant anywhere.

Courses & Duration

In India, there are many medical institutions/University that provides education in the field of pathology. Several courses staring from certificate level to master level are offered in this field. You can pursue following courses in pathology:

Certificate Courses – 1 year

  • PDCC (Blood Banking & Immunohaematology)
  • PDCC (Blood Component Therapy & Apheresis)
  • PDCC (Hepatopathology)
  • PDCC (Renal Pathology)
  • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology
  • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Pathology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques (PGDHGPT) – 15 months

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology – 4 years

Master Courses:

  • Master of Science (M.Sc.) in Pathology – 2 years
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Medicine in Pathology – 3 years

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology – 3 years


  • Chemical Pathology
  • Neuropathology
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Surgical Pathology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Cytopathology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Paediatric Pathology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Plant Pathology

Eligibility Required:

For UG Courses: Minimum educational qualification of 10+2 passed with PCB group is required for admission to undergraduate courses.

For PG Courses: You will be eligible for PG courses after passing bachelor’s degree in related discipline. Admission to Doctor of Medicine (MD) programme will be offered after the successful completion of MBBS course.

Admission Process

Some colleges offer admission on the basis of marks in the qualifying examination or some of them provides admission through the entrance test. Admission in MBBS course will be done through NEET 2020. Many universities/institutions regulates their own entrance test for providing admission. Some of the postgraduate level medical entrance test are JIPMER PG 2020, AIIMS PG 2020, etc.

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Jobs & Career Scope

Every day a lot of clinical, genetic, and microbiological tests is recommended by the doctors to patient in order to find the actual disease from which patient is suffering. This will broaden the scope for pathologist.

Pathologists can work as a diagnosticians in hospitals, investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and Universities.

Various government and private hospitals offers job to pathologists. Reputed hospitals like All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) avails position for pathologists. Vacancies are also available in National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Food and Drug Administration.

For pathologists it is a good option to open his/her own pathology lab.

Pathologists can find employment within agriculture, public health, law enforcement, and in many other fields.  You can avail jobs in Drug manufacturing, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies also. There is another option for Pathologists is to start their own diagnostic laboratories or become consultants to private industry.

UPSC conducts Combined Medical Services examination and provincial civil service examination for facilitating jobs in defense services like army and naval forces. Pathologists can appear the aforementioned examination for getting employment in defense services.

Job types for pathologists:

  • Medical Examiner
  • Consultants
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Forensic Technician
  • Professors
  • Mortuary Assistant
  • Medical Lab Technician


Starting salary of a pathologists ranges from Rs.15,000 to Rs.25,000. After gaining experience, there is rise in salary and it will be Rs 60,000 per month in the private sector.

In United States, pathologists earns an excellent salary. Their average salary is around $191,000 per month.

Books & Study Materials

Candidates opting pathology courses can refer these books for preparation:

  • Textbook of Pathology by Harsh Mohan
  • Rubin’s Pathology by David S. Strayer
  • Textbook of Oral Pathology by Anil Govindrao Ghom, Shubhangi Mhaske
  • Rosai and Ackerman’s Surgical Pathology Review by Ivan Damjanov, Marin Nola
  • Robbins and Cotran’s Pathologic Basis of Disease by Kumar, Abbas, Fausto

For more information about Career in Pathology, you may ask us by commenting below.

Displaying 76 Comments
  1. Finding college's says:

    Just I passed 12 th std with PCB…& I’m finding Universities for bsc foreinsic science medicine..can anyone suggest me college/University in india

  2. Atul Kumar says:

    Job and salary requirements and government job

  3. Divya says:

    I am studying in 3rd year bpmt after completing my one year intreanceship what can do for higher education

  4. Marry and Michael says:

    We are glad to welcome all the participants from all over the world for the “international congress” series on histopathology and cytopathology during August 26-27,2020.The conference will be held in the city Kyoto,Japan.A great platform to scientists, young student communities,doctors,pharmasists, young researchers, pathologists, histopathologists, physicians, Healthcare and industrial Delegates’ talented student unities in the field of Medical science and other related experts to discuss and exchange their ideas on histopathology and cytopathology.

  5. Raja Sarkar says:

    My wife already work in the role of lab technician. What course i study for better future.

  6. Fatema says:

    How to apply for pathology course after bpharm. In surat

  7. Divya says:

    Sir/mam I have completed my graduation in bzc with 90% can I eligible for MSc pathology

  8. Surendra Kumar Yadav says:

    Admission in pathology msc form date batao sir

  9. Gulbahar says:

    Sir mene D. Pharma complete kar liya ager pathology course karna chatha hu to uske loye kya kru

  10. Ajay kumar says:

    Sir mai nepal se hu i. S. C bihar se kiya hu pathology ne jana hai ho jayega india se

  11. Snehal Khatal says:

    I am completed bsc paramedical technology
    Can I eligible for msc in patholoSgy course

  12. shubham rameshwar mhaske says:

    i had not given the entrance exam for the pathalogy course .but i want to jond for the government college for this course so how can i joint for this course in government college

  13. Archana says:

    What course can be done for pathology?

  14. Tarun says:

    Sir, i have cleared 12th class . So how can i become a pathologist ?

  15. nidhi says:

    i’m not from science background but I have interested for pathology, can i apply for this course.

  16. Ruchi mamgai says:

    Sir I have done MSC in chemistry now which course of pathology would be good for me?????

  17. Mahima says:

    Sir maine msc.microbiology me kiya hai mai pathologist ban na chahti hu..Plzz suggest me mai kaun sa course karu.mujhe lucknow se karna hai to college nd institute bhi suggest kar dijiye.

  18. JAGANNATH DORA says:

    Sir completed in Diploma pharmacy
    But sir admission in Bsc pathology

  19. Mohammed faheem shaikh says:

    I completed DMLT course, then what next for me? My dream is to do pathologist so what is the process to b..!

  20. Fongbeh Francis Tulay says:

    Can I find a University in China offering Bachelor Of Audiology Speech And Language?

  21. pooja kuliyal says:

    Hlw i completed my planebachelor’s degree in chem,botany and zoology .
    What course would better for me in pathology please suggest me

  22. MOHTASHIM arsalan says:

    Sir,admission ho sakta hai pathology college me 62% Marks hai 10+2 mera

  23. saiyed md aarif says:

    Sir mara admision ho sakta hai pathology collede ma 10+2 mark 51 percent hai

  24. Manisha says:

    I am.bachelor of dental surgeryb graduate . Can I do MSC pathology? If yes then please tell the college ofering this course preferably in Delhi NCR

  25. Moon says:

    After getting diploma in pathology may I get chance to obtain MD in pathology??
    Plz reply

  26. Nancy says:

    Sir diploma in MLT k bd mujhe pathology se stsy krne h btaeye sir m kya kru mujhe smj ni aara m kya kru

  27. ajay dixit says:

    sir,suggest me any ug/pg courses by which i can open my pathology lab

  28. Anchuraj says:

    Am Msc cytology and cytogenetics. Need a job

  29. Ummay khushnuma says:


  30. Somdatta karati says:

    I am science stream student my d o b is 26.10.2001.can i fill up pathology’s form

  31. abdul majid says:

    Sir I,m passed….Bt I want take admission in medical line…So plzz help me

  32. sujit says:

    sir pathology which course is best on obc group

  33. Shagufta says:

    Sir,i want to study in pathology after 10th pass in delhi can you suggest anything for my studies

  34. Divakar says:

    I want start it

    I am passed now HSC

  35. Yogeshwari says:

    Can i do diploma in pathology after bachelor of pharmacy

  36. Geetanjali says:

    Give me information regarding g Govt. College giving degree in pathology

  37. humble hero says:

    plz sir/ma,what is the cutoff of pathology,shcools that offers it as an undergraduate curse .plz looking 4wd 4 ur repy and God bless u

  38. Arbaz says:

    i m doing diploma in pharmacy after this i want to study in pathology. what process involed for addmission in this course please help me..

  39. Siddiquu Daraksha says:

    I’m doing S.Y.BSc can i get admission in pathology or i have to complete my TYBSc in zoology?????

  40. Sari says:

    Dear sir i m not from science background but I have intrested to do pathology course for clinical testing work so plz. Tell me what will do to become successful
    Reply what is the age limit for pathology course please reply.

  41. adnan says:

    sir i have done BS pathology 4 year ….. can i apply for MD ?

  42. Rami rana says:

    sir/madam..i have complted my diploma in medical lab technician after +2 in medical filed…i got 63% in medical lab. Technician..
    So can i eligible for bachelor course in pathology…

  43. shubhangi says:

    Trening Base of blood banking job pathalogy

  44. Tapan Mishra says:

    Dear sir i m not from science background but I have intrested to do pathology course for clinical testing work so plz. Tell me what will do to become successful

  45. rajni mishra says:

    I m in btech biotech student and I am interested in diploma course in pathology lab and diagnostic techniques

  46. Ratnesh chandra says:

    What is the age limit for pathology course?

  47. Geetanjali parida says:

    Sir/mam,I have done my bsc in life sciences from ignou,I’m pretty interested in msc pathology…
    So do I eligible for this?
    If yes which books should I prefer for preparation??
    Plz rply…

  48. Arti Arya says:

    I am 10+2 passed PCB subject I am in interested pathology plzzzz meko bataiye pathology exam form kis month ate h Nd form Fee’s

  49. shaikh shagufta says:

    I pass 10+2 in pcb but my total marks in pcb is 136 and I am interested in pathology what should I do??plzz suggest me.

  50. saisudha says:

    sir/mam.i have completed my bipc with 95% in 2016.sir iam interested in to join in pathology and what are the colleges offering bsc pathology.sir plz suggest me.

  51. Gita wage says:

    Sir/mam, i have finished msc in haematology and blood banking,sm i eligible for phd in pathology?? If no then please suggest me an appropriate subject for phd

  52. Gauri soni says:

    Sir/mam I m student of bsc with zbc.. And now I want to do pathology course please suggest me that which course is best for me

  53. prashant singh says:

    Dear Sir or Madam i ‘ m done with B sc Biotechnology do what i am student an average..plzz tell right direction

  54. RAVINDER ROY says:

    Sir, I have passed 10+2 in pcme with 57% marks full subject with 65% can l fill the aiims mbbs forms.For clinical pathology to take admission in aiims tell me form dates elligibility other exam conducted by government

  55. MOHIT Anand says:

    I’m interested in doing diploma course for pathology but I have pcm in 10+

  56. Naiar Farooqui says:

    I pass 10+2 in pcb but my total marks in pcb is 127 and i am interested in pathology What should i do?? Plzz suggest me

  57. Shaikh Nagma says:

    I’m in HSC science PCB,i have a finance problem,so please suggest me what course I should do which didn’t effect my budget.

  58. chirag says:

    I pass 10+2 in pcb but my total marks in pcb is 129 and i am interested in bds.. What should i do?? Plzz suggest me

    • Deepa yadav says:

      I m hsc passed with 62% and intrested in pathology .so plzz suggest some diploma courses & there fee structure.

  59. Nadir ali says:

    M 12th I want be a pathologists help for positive waves…[email protected]

  60. kiamat ali says:

    Sir I have passed 12 with 83.2 marks u m interested un clinical pathalogy

  61. Amita says:

    I am selected in paramedical exam but I am confused what course I am select.what is the bestest course in paramedical pls help me

  62. anushree jadhav says:

    i hav passed 12th with 10+2 pcb marks after 12th which course of pathology would be preferable for me

  63. grishma ambagade says:

    can i pursue some pathology 3or 6month course with my degree course

  64. Vishal Singh says:

    I have done my 12th in pure science (PCB).Am I eligible for taking admission in diploma in clinical pathology?My PCB percentage is-57%.

  65. nitesh kumar gupta says:

    i am 10+2 with pcm passed and i am trusted in medical course
    so pls our help me.

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