Career in Pathology

Pathology is the demanding and evergreen field of medicine and diagnosis. Demand of pathologist is never ended. However, career scope in this field is vast.

The word Pathology is derived from the Greek word Pathos and Logia. Meaning of Pathos is “experience or suffering” and Logia means “Study of”.

In general, we can say that pathology is the “study of disease”.

“It is the branch of science concerned with testing the samples of body tissue in order to diagnose the problem and diseases”.

Medical pathology is categorized as clinical pathology and anatomic pathology. Clinical pathology is the study of disciplines of microbiology, immunology, clinical chemistry and Haematology. Anatomic pathology  comprises the study of cellular and tissue.

Who are Pathologist?

A pathologist is a physician who examines the tissues and checks the accuracy of lab tests. Pathologist plays a very important role in the health care of a patient. In a pathology, various laboratory tests are conducted on the samples of a patient that facilitate the patient’s diagnosis and treatment.

career in pathology

If you want to become a pathologist and looking for the courses then you are at right place. Below, we have listed some most sought pathology courses.

Also Check: Popular Medical Courses

What Did Pathologists Do?

Some of the activities given below which are performed by the pathologists:

  • Pathologists make diagnoses using a microscope
  • Pathologists do indulge in trying to find out what diseases are affecting living patients.
  • They do testing and the amount of quality control involved in a diagnosis.
  • They use laboratory tests to monitor the health of patients with chronic conditions.
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The role of Pathologists in medical chain is diverse so, there are many job designations for them. You can choose pathology to specialize in a particular branch of histopathology and cytopathology and further join an organization which deals mostly with that specialty.

Pathologists generally function in three broad areas- classified as diagnosticians in hospitals; investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and universities.

If you choose to go the clinical pathology, you may need to work for private or corporate institutions.  Aspirants can also join top hospitals like AIIMS (All India institute of Medical Sciences) and in military and government agencies like the National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Food and Drug Administration.

From a financial point of view, new pathologists may be recruited for an average salary depending on the organization, working hours and job description. You may have to get some additional experience before getting appointed as a consultant anywhere.

Courses & Duration

In India, there are many medical institutions/University that provides education in the field of pathology. Several courses staring from certificate level to master level are offered in this field. You can pursue following courses in pathology:

Certificate Courses – 1 year

  • PDCC (Blood Banking & Immunohaematology)
  • PDCC (Blood Component Therapy & Apheresis)
  • PDCC (Hepatopathology)
  • PDCC (Renal Pathology)
  • Post MD Certificate course in Cytopathology
  • Post MD Certificate course in Immunopathology

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Pathology – 2 years
  • Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Clinical Pathology – 2 years
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Human Genetics and Pathological Techniques (PGDHGPT) – 15 months

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Audiology Speech and Language Pathology – 4 years

Master Courses:

  • Master of Science in Pathology – 2 years
  • Master of Dental Surgery in Oral Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Medicine in Pathology – 3 years

Doctoral Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Pathology – 3 years
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Speech Pathology and Audiology – 3 years


  • Chemical Pathology
  • Neuropathology
  • Forensic Pathology
  • Surgical Pathology
  • Medical Microbiology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Hematology
  • Cytopathology
  • Dermatopathology
  • Paediatric Pathology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Blood Banking / Transfusion Medicine
  • Plant Pathology

Eligibility Required:

For UG Courses: Minimum educational qualification of 10+2 passed with PCB group is required for admission to undergraduate courses.

For PG Courses: You will be eligible for PG courses after passing bachelor’s degree in related discipline. Admission to Doctor of Medicine (MD) programme will be offered after the successful completion of MBBS course.

Admission Process

Some colleges offer admission on the basis of marks in the qualifying examination or some of them provides admission through the entrance test. Many universities/institutions regulates their own entrance test for providing admission. Some of the postgraduate level medical entrance test are as follows:

Jobs & Career Scope

Every day a lot of clinical, genetic, and microbiological tests is recommended by the doctors to patient in order to find the actual disease from which patient is suffering. This will broaden the scope for pathologist.

Pathologists can work as a diagnosticians in hospitals, investigators or researchers in medical laboratories and as teachers in colleges and Universities.

Various government and private hospitals offers job to pathologists. Reputed hospitals like All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) avails position for pathologists. Vacancies are also available in National Institute of Health, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, and Food and Drug Administration.

For pathologists it is a good option to open his/her own pathology lab.

Pathologists can find employment within agriculture, public health, law enforcement, and in many other fields.  You can avail jobs in Drug manufacturing, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies also. There is another option for Pathologists is to start their own diagnostic laboratories or become consultants to private industry.

UPSC conducts Combined Medical Services examination and provincial civil service examination for facilitating jobs in defense services like army and naval forces. Pathologists can appear the aforementioned examination for getting employment in defense services.

Job types for pathologists:

  • Medical Examiner
  • Consultants
  • Cytotechnologist
  • Dermatopathologist
  • Forensic Technician
  • Professors
  • Mortuary Assistant
  • Medical Lab Technician


Starting salary of a pathologists ranges from Rs.15,000 to Rs.25,000. After gaining experience, there is rise in salary and it will be Rs 60,000 per month in the private sector.

In United States, pathologists earns an excellent salary. Their average salary is around $191,000 per month.

Books & Study Materials

Candidates opting pathology courses can refer these books for preparation:

  • Textbook of Pathology by Harsh Mohan
  • Rubin’s Pathology by David S. Strayer
  • Textbook of Oral Pathology by Anil Govindrao Ghom, Shubhangi Mhaske
  • Rosai and Ackerman’s Surgical Pathology Review by Ivan Damjanov, Marin Nola
  • Robbins and Cotran’s Pathologic Basis of Disease by Kumar, Abbas, Fausto

For more information about Career in Pathology, you may ask us by commenting below.

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Displaying 15 Comments
  1. nitesh kumar gupta says:

    i am 10+2 with pcm passed and i am trusted in medical course
    so pls our help me.

  2. Vishal Singh says:

    I have done my 12th in pure science (PCB).Am I eligible for taking admission in diploma in clinical pathology?My PCB percentage is-57%.

  3. grishma ambagade says:

    can i pursue some pathology 3or 6month course with my degree course

  4. anushree jadhav says:

    i hav passed 12th with 10+2 pcb marks after 12th which course of pathology would be preferable for me

  5. Amita says:

    I am selected in paramedical exam but I am confused what course I am select.what is the bestest course in paramedical pls help me

  6. kiamat ali says:

    Sir I have passed 12 with 83.2 marks u m interested un clinical pathalogy

  7. Nadir ali says:

    M 12th I want be a pathologists help for positive waves…..$@

  8. chirag says:

    I pass 10+2 in pcb but my total marks in pcb is 129 and i am interested in bds.. What should i do?? Plzz suggest me

  9. Shaikh Nagma says:

    I’m in HSC science PCB,i have a finance problem,so please suggest me what course I should do which didn’t effect my budget.

  10. Naiar Farooqui says:

    I pass 10+2 in pcb but my total marks in pcb is 127 and i am interested in pathology What should i do?? Plzz suggest me

  11. MOHIT Anand says:

    I’m interested in doing diploma course for pathology but I have pcm in 10+

  12. RAVINDER ROY says:

    Sir, I have passed 10+2 in pcme with 57% marks full subject with 65% can l fill the aiims mbbs forms.For clinical pathology to take admission in aiims tell me form dates elligibility other exam conducted by government

  13. prashant singh says:

    Dear Sir or Madam i ‘ m done with B sc Biotechnology do what i am student an average..plzz tell right direction

  14. Gauri soni says:

    Sir/mam I m student of bsc with zbc.. And now I want to do pathology course please suggest me that which course is best for me

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