Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or B.S. is one of the most popular academic degree courses among the Science students after class 12th. The duration of B.Sc. degree course ranges from 3 years to 5 years, depending upon the country in which you are studying for eg. In India the course is generally of 3 years whereas in Argentina the course duration is 5 years.

The B.Sc. degree course is a graduate degree course in Science; this can be a part-time or full-time course. This course forms the basis of Science and comprises of the subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Zoology and Mathematics.

With the advancements in the area of Science and Technology, this programme has become a one of the highly studied degree course in the Institutions of India.

After the completion of the B.Sc degree there are various options available for the science students, they can go for master degree in Science i.e. M.Sc, go in a research area and can even look for professional job oriented courses. Often, in some reputed universities or colleges in India and abroad the students are recruited directly by big MNC’s after their completion of the course.

Courses & Duration

There are a wide range of courses available for the students in the Science stream. The students may go for a plain B.Sc or he might choose B.Sc. (Honors). The students who are interested in the Computer and Information Technology field can go for B.Sc. (Computer Science/IT).

Students who have an academic background of Science at 10+2 level, they can pursue B.Sc programme in various branches.

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The B.Sc. degree course is classified in to two categories as mentioned below:

1. Simple B.Sc. Course: These courses include the traditional B.Sc. courses. These are mentioned below:

  • B.Sc. (PCM)
  • B.Sc. (Physics)
  • B.Sc. (Chemistry)
  • B.Sc. (Maths)
  • B.Sc. (Zoology)
  • B.Sc. (Statistics)
  • B.Sc. (Botany)
  • B.Sc. (Home Science)

2. Professional B.Sc. Courses: The professional B.Sc. courses cover the professional job oriented courses these include:

Students, those opt for any of the given fields will have the opportunity to find good jobs in both public and private sectors .


  • The admission to the various B.Sc. courses are done on the basis of qualifying class 12th examinations in (PCM/B ) stream.
  • Candidates must have passed/appearing in the class 12th can apply for the B.Sc programmes as per their choice and preference.


The admission to the B.Sc courses is based on Class 12th percentage. Some universities also conduct their entrance exam for admission.

Some professional B.Sc. courses like Fashion Technology, Interior Design, Multimedia, Animation allow the students of other stream (other than science) to take admission.

There are various colleges which offer 3 to 5 years Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programme. Each college has different admission procedure for this programme. They give admission on the basis of the merit of Class 12th.

Some public and private college also conducts examinations for the admission to various B.Sc. degree courses.

Entrance Exam: NEET UG 2024, CUET 2024

PG Courses After B.Sc

B.Sc Graduates have a wide variety of options available in terms of topics, subjects, & field . They have an option to pursue a post graduation degree in their respective field. Students can also join non-science master degree courses such as Animation, Management, Journalism, Computer Technology, etc after the completion of B.Sc degree.

Skills Required:

Candidates must posses the following skills to make their career after pursuing B.Sc programme:

  • Analytical Skills
  • Communication Skills
  • Logical Skills
  • Observation Skills
  • Research Sills
  • Scientific Skills
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Mathematical and computational skills

Career & Jobs:

Just like an academic courses, students who have a B.Sc degree also have an excellent employment opportunities. Jobs for B.Sc graduates are not just restricted in the field of science but also they can explore others areas like Management, Engineering, Law etc.

After the completion of the B.Sc course, students can work in various areas which include both Science & Non-Science fields.

The job opportunities available for the students are not only great in terms of salary package, but also a satisfying job experience.

There are various opportunities available for the students after B.Sc. the students can go in a research field, in some colleges the students are recruited directly by the big organizations at a very good salary package, some professional B.Sc. courses like animation and IT open the door of animation and IT industry for the graduates, the other professional B.Sc. field also have vast career opportunities.

Apart from the research jobs, students can also work or get jobs in Marketing, Business & Other technical fields. Science graduates also recruited in the bank sector to work as customer service executives. Students can also find employment in government sectors.

Job Profiles

  • Scientist
  • Scientific Assistant
  • Research analyst
  • Teachers
  • Technical Writer/Editor
  • Lecturers
  • Chemist
  • Enumerators
  • Researcher
  • Biostatistician
  • Clinical Research Manager
  • Consultant

Employment Areas for B.Sc graduates

  • Educational Institutes
  • Space Research Institutes
  • Hospitals
  • Health Care Providers
  • Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Industry
  • Chemical Industry
  • Environmental Management and Conservation
  • Forensic Crime Research
  • Research Firms
  • Testing Laboratories
  • Geological Survey Departments
  • Wastewater Plants
  • Aquariums
  • Forest Services
  • Oil Industry

A graduation degree in science will allow the students to learn, work and get jobs not only in India but also in abroad.


The salary of an individual in this field depends in which field he is working; some professional B.Sc. courses like IT and Computer Science have very good scope and pays handsome salary to the deserving students. The starting salary in this field may range from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000.

After gaining a good experience in a respective field, student may earn Rs. 60,000 to 80, 000 per month.

Books & Study Materials

Here, we have listed the best books for Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) education:

Basic Physical Chemistry, A Complete Introduction on Bachelor of Science Level by Dr Wolfgang Schärtl

B.Sc. Physics Practical – I by Agrawal, Jain & Sharma

Mathematics for Degree Students for B.Sc. 1st Year by Mittal P.K.

Physics for Degree Students B.Sc. First Year by Arora C.L.

Chemistry for Degree Students by Madan R.L.

A Textbook of Oscillations, Waves And Acoustics by Dr. D. Bhattacharya & Dr. M. Ghosh

If you have any other queries about Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), you can ask your query in the comment box.


  1. I am totally confused please suggest me to take a good course in bsc /bsc(hon) in medical stream which is hepfull in taking a job

  2. Chemistry is the central science. All aspects of technical development require people with expertise in chemistry. Quantum university provides interdisciplinary education. The student can select major and minor courses which additionally help them to continue their passion. so you can go for this university if you wants to explore your skills.

  3. Me bsc fy (pcm) hu ..mgr muje ab bsc sy ko science Krna he to kya ab me computer science kr skti hu

  4. Sir I’m a puc students I completed my 12th puc in 2018 nd I joined engineering after 3 year I leave BE course due to family problem now wt can I do sir PLZZ tell me

  5. Sir I am confused which graduate degree is best for me BA or B.Sc
    I am student of science inter
    And firstly I want to became financially independent and then I do civil service government job
    Help to resolve my confusion

  6. Dear sir/madam i have completed 12th please suggest me very good, easy to learn, and which has good scope bsc corses

  7. I completed my Bsc Chemistry.Now in Msc which stream I need to choose and also can I make my career in scientist field?

  8. Sir I had 77% in 12th PCMB and I chose to go for BSc general with Physics, Computer science and Mathematics. My economic condition is really bad and I need to go for a job as soon as I get my degree. So, what can be best job opportunity for me? Plus+ I do lack confidence (not a social person)

  9. SIR,
    I graduate in Bsc. (CBZ) and I m not intrested in to studies in Msc. So I m very confused To Take my decission correctly
    So Can You Please Suggest Me What I will Do Next?

  10. i completed my 12th in andhra pradesh and i’m doing my graduation in tamil nadu how can i try for banking jobs in tamilnadu

  11. I have completed 12th with PCB, I got 62%___ I’m confused What should I do for better future _____ pls suggest me a better option..

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