Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)

Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.)Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) or B.S. is one of the most popular academic degree courses among the Science students after class 12th. The duration of B.Sc. degree course ranges from 3 years to 5 years, depending upon the country in which you are studying for eg. In India the course is generally of 3 years whereas in Argentina the course duration is 5 years.

The B.Sc. degree course is a graduate degree course in Science; this can be a part-time or full-time course. This course forms the basis of Science and comprises of the subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Zoology and Mathematics.

With the advancements in the area of Science and Technology, this programme has become a one of the highly studied degree course in the Institutions of India.

After the completion of the B.Sc degree there are various options available for the science students, they can go for master degree in Science i.e. M.Sc, go in a research area and can even look for professional job oriented courses. Often, in some reputed universities or colleges in India and abroad the students are recruited directly by big MNC’s after their completion of the course.

Courses & Duration

There are a wide range of courses available for the students in the Science stream. The students may go for a plain B.Sc or he might choose B.Sc. (Honors). The students who are interested in the Computer and Information Technology field can go for B.Sc. (Computer Science/IT).

Students who have an academic background of Science at 10+2 level, they can pursue B.Sc programme in various branches.

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The B.Sc. degree course is classified in to two categories as mentioned below:

1. Simple B.Sc. Course: These courses include the traditional B.Sc. courses. These are mentioned below:

  • B.Sc. (PCM)
  • B.Sc. (Physics)
  • B.Sc. (Chemistry)
  • B.Sc. (Maths)
  • B.Sc. (Zoology)
  • B.Sc. (Statistics)
  • B.Sc. (Botany)
  • B.Sc. (Home Science)

2. Professional B.Sc. Courses: The professional B.Sc. courses cover the professional job oriented courses these include:

Students, those opt for any of the given fields will have the opportunity to find good jobs in both public and private sectors .


  • The admission to the various B.Sc. courses are done on the basis of qualifying class 12th examinations in (PCM/B ) stream.
  • Candidates must have passed/appearing in the class 12th can apply for the B.Sc programmes as per their choice and preference.


The admission to the B.Sc courses is based on Class 12th percentage. Some universities also conduct their entrance exam for admission.

Some professional B.Sc. courses like Fashion Technology, Interior Design, Multimedia, Animation allow the students of other stream (other than science) to take admission.

There are various colleges which offer 3 to 5 years Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) programme. Each college has different admission procedure for this programme. They give admission on the basis of the merit of Class 12th.

Some public and private college also conducts examinations for the admission to various B.Sc. degree courses.

Entrance Exam: NEET UG 2024, CUET 2024

PG Courses After B.Sc

B.Sc Graduates have a wide variety of options available in terms of topics, subjects, & field . They have an option to pursue a post graduation degree in their respective field. Students can also join non-science master degree courses such as Animation, Management, Journalism, Computer Technology, etc after the completion of B.Sc degree.

Skills Required:

Candidates must posses the following skills to make their career after pursuing B.Sc programme:

  • Analytical Skills
  • Communication Skills
  • Logical Skills
  • Observation Skills
  • Research Sills
  • Scientific Skills
  • Problem Solving Skills
  • Mathematical and computational skills

Career & Jobs:

Just like an academic courses, students who have a B.Sc degree also have an excellent employment opportunities. Jobs for B.Sc graduates are not just restricted in the field of science but also they can explore others areas like Management, Engineering, Law etc.

After the completion of the B.Sc course, students can work in various areas which include both Science & Non-Science fields.

The job opportunities available for the students are not only great in terms of salary package, but also a satisfying job experience.

There are various opportunities available for the students after B.Sc. the students can go in a research field, in some colleges the students are recruited directly by the big organizations at a very good salary package, some professional B.Sc. courses like animation and IT open the door of animation and IT industry for the graduates, the other professional B.Sc. field also have vast career opportunities.

Apart from the research jobs, students can also work or get jobs in Marketing, Business & Other technical fields. Science graduates also recruited in the bank sector to work as customer service executives. Students can also find employment in government sectors.

Job Profiles

  • Scientist
  • Scientific Assistant
  • Research analyst
  • Teachers
  • Technical Writer/Editor
  • Lecturers
  • Chemist
  • Enumerators
  • Researcher
  • Biostatistician
  • Clinical Research Manager
  • Consultant

Employment Areas for B.Sc graduates

  • Educational Institutes
  • Space Research Institutes
  • Hospitals
  • Health Care Providers
  • Pharmaceuticals and Biotechnology Industry
  • Chemical Industry
  • Environmental Management and Conservation
  • Forensic Crime Research
  • Research Firms
  • Testing Laboratories
  • Geological Survey Departments
  • Wastewater Plants
  • Aquariums
  • Forest Services
  • Oil Industry

A graduation degree in science will allow the students to learn, work and get jobs not only in India but also in abroad.


The salary of an individual in this field depends in which field he is working; some professional B.Sc. courses like IT and Computer Science have very good scope and pays handsome salary to the deserving students. The starting salary in this field may range from Rs. 15,000 to Rs. 30,000.

After gaining a good experience in a respective field, student may earn Rs. 60,000 to 80, 000 per month.

Books & Study Materials

Here, we have listed the best books for Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.) education:

Basic Physical Chemistry, A Complete Introduction on Bachelor of Science Level by Dr Wolfgang Schärtl

B.Sc. Physics Practical – I by Agrawal, Jain & Sharma

Mathematics for Degree Students for B.Sc. 1st Year by Mittal P.K.

Physics for Degree Students B.Sc. First Year by Arora C.L.

Chemistry for Degree Students by Madan R.L.

A Textbook of Oscillations, Waves And Acoustics by Dr. D. Bhattacharya & Dr. M. Ghosh

If you have any other queries about Bachelor of Science (B.Sc.), you can ask your query in the comment box.

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  1. my cut off for agri is177.75.AM I eligible to join in tnau or GRI and if not am I eligible for any other professional courses and which is the best in BSC courses.

  2. Sir, can we do B.Ed after I mean can one go to govt. teaching jobs and administrative services after B.Sc.?

  3. sir, i have passed 12th(53%) with science with sub: physics,bio, chem. hindi midiyam please guide me, what can i do now. i mean which feld

  4. I have passed my degree with biology I am very confused what I do pls guide me
    I did not done

  5. I completed 12th in science my aim is a successful doctor b’t first complete than MH-CET so plz give me guide of b.Sc

  6. Sir, i got 64% in 12th pcm stream. I am not interested in PCM anymore. what should i do after my 12th? I am good in drawing and gaming. plz suggest me a better course having lot of oppurtunities. 🙂
    plz help me!!

  7. I completed 12th science my aim is medical line but not possible so I decided to go B.Sc .But I confused B.Sc. & B.Sc. (Biotech) so please tell me sir if I complete or (Biotech) in Microbiology specialist then career opportunities in medical line or other field

  8. Sir I m now in tybsc botany zoology.What I can do after completing my tybsc in both botany zoology.

  9. Sir i am continouing my bsc course in PCM with physics honours.Everybody ask why i should not go in medical line.But i know medical is a tough challenge for me so i join bsc but now i afraid that i will not get a good job by this course.So i want from you some valuable tips by which i can get a good job which satisfies my family members;relatives and friends plz…plz…guide me.

    1. you can start your preparation by focusing on the upcoming govt exams like IBPS, CDS, SSC etc.

  10. Sir.I have completed 12(pcm). so please suggest how I can go in merchant navi by choosing

    1. You can go to merchant navy after completing B.Sc or you can also join merchant navy after passing class 12th.

  11. Sir.I have completed 12(pcm). I want to become merchant navi officer so please suggest how I can go in merchant navi by choosing

  12. Sir i have completed my bsc . n i want to become a lecturerplease suggest me the subject in which there is good scope and job opportunities….plzzz suggest me

  13. sir I want to appear for bsc but my mathematics is weak…so please can u help me and suggest me for what subject should I apply in bsc.

  14. sir mujhe krna h or mujhe sirf science me 50% aaye h to mujhe after konsa subject lena chahiye

  15. sir I hav jst passed 12 in sci and got75% now m upto bsc in bio with cbz bt evry one is saying der is not mch scope in this and i shld go fr pcm bt i dont like maths at all and i luv bio so wht shld i do? shlx i go fr pcm or cbz?

    1. Hi.!!Aslkm mohit sir BSC me aisa konsa field hai jo india aur soudi dubai etc jo waha par valuable hai …mujhe bsc and Msc kar k soudi jaana chahta plz suggest karo sir..i need help …plzzz..reply early as possible u

  16. sir,I have completed my 12 science.i want to become an engineer. please suggest me which branch is scope able for girls.

  17. Sir I have completed my 12 science.i want to become a lecturer. Please suggest me the subject in which there is good scope and job opportunity.

  18. i m passed my 12 with 69%,
    finding something that will make my career in, will intergeted couses be gd,by completing my too

  19. I have completed ma B.Sc I fashion. Which courses should I take as my pg?? I thought of doibg MBA with HRM.. How it will be??

  20. I have passed 12 science.I want to become an space researcher.
    Which course should I have to chose for it?

  21. sir i have completed my 12th with 70% and 86 In bio and iwant ti do bsc.please Tell in which course i should di bsc which have best Scope in future and have best salary .i want to do Msc and phd also

  22. I have complete bsc in chemistry ,zoology ,microbiology . Which course should i take in msc if i would like to in nutrolegist

  23. i completed my bsc cbz with 75%. i want job with high salary package. for that pls suggest me what to study after bsc in cbz

    1. Sir i am doing Bsc from subject ZBC and I wants to be scientist. What can I do for that? n which field will be the best for me after Bsc(ZBC) and why??

  24. Sir,
    I just completed my plus two science course. I hope that I’ll get a mark above 85%. I like to work as a scientist. So please guide me what will I need to do to full fill my ambition. Which course I need to select…??
    Unfortunately I can’t attend any entrance exams. Also I am not willing to go to repeat. Please give a suggestion/ solution.
    Thank you,
    Best regards by Abhi.

    1. you can pursue B.Sc and M.Sc. and then apply for scientific jobs in various government organizations like ISRO, DRDO etc.

  25. Sir I have done bsc with subjects computer science, statistics, economics. Now what can I do next in studies??????

  26. sir, please suggest me some biology field…..and tell me the scope of bsc in botany carrier….

  27. Sir m bsc 2nd yr Pcm m hu or rely mje msc krne m koi intrst ni h or mje job chaiye to kya krna chaiye plzz tell me or msc kre bina job mil skti h ki ni…

  28. Sir m bsc 2nd yr m hu or rely mje msc krne m koi intrst ni h or mje job chaiye to kya krna chaiye plzz tell me or msc kre bina job mil skti h ki ni…

    1. yes appear for the various entrance exams for jobs in state and central govt, do computer related courses that will help you to get a good job.

  29. I completed my 12 and want to do bsc which is job oriented and also want to know the scope of bsc forensic science

    1. B.Sc forensic science has good scope, and also there are job opportunities in this field from both government and private sector.

      1. Me bsc 1st year m hu or m es year bsc nutrition se krna chati hu to kya es course k scope ha aage future me

  30. I have finished my BSc in chemistry botany and zoology !! Wat can be my further go !! Wat shud I do to get a good job suggest on my higher studies also plz

  31. I have finished my BSc in chemistry botany and zoology !! Wat can be my further go !! Wat shud I do to get a good job

    1. you can pursue para medical courses to land a good job. Some of these courses include Nursing, medical lab technician, radiology, ECG technician etc.

  32. sir i hav dne my bsc this year (2015). i scored distinction every year.i hav dne bsc in chemistry and zoology. what shud i do now for a good salery. what are the courses and how to get admission in that..?

    1. you can pursue medical lab technician courses, radiology courses, ECG technician courses to get a good job.

  33. sir
    12th pcm or ab may bsc cs see karna chatey hyyy so sir best college ke bare may bataye

  34. I got only 33 marks in jee main and I have totally lost my hope of getting any admission for engg so please guide me for my future in bsc and I m good in mathematics!!!

  35. I had completed BSc in “physics”.which subject should I choose in ” MSC” to do “Aircraft designing” ?

  36. Sir..i hav done bsc with pcm. Now i can go for msc pharmaceutical chemistry.Is thhere any scope after doing this..

  37. Hello, i have completed my Bsc with biotechnology in 2005, now i want to do a professional 1 year course, that can land me a job, please advise.

    1. I am also having trouble …. I have also taken this stream…. Please help me also to choose something beter after this….

  38. i am a PCM student …..i dont like bio ….neither can i do engineering or architechring bcz of some personal reasons….what are the courses which i can go for ?

  39. i have passed 12th with science…with subjects physics chem computer english nd evs…can any1 please guide me…what can i do nw…i mean whch field

  40. Sir, pls tell me after B.Sc. wht should i do…M doing B.Sc (PCM) it was my first year..
    And i don’t want to go in M.Sc.
    I want to do something diffrent which provide me job..
    But further i want to go in civil services..Pls tell me sir what should i have to do which help in my further studies..

      1. I am a graduate student in chemistry honours then why should I do????also I am gud in mathematics….

  41. Sir
    I drop my education after 12th . I complete 12th in 2008 but some problems I couldn’t complete my graduation now I want complete my graduation in science stream . Guide me which subject is good for me my mathematical is weak.

    1. hi karan, from my point of view you will try to bsc nursing or any related course in nursing ALL THE BEST TC

    2. I am a student..It is a 2 years 3 mnths course..but in take 4 complete..i couldn’t knw about that..prblm..& join..this..what can i do after that..

      1. Sir, pls tell me after B.Sc. wht should i do…M doing B.Sc (Biology ) it was my first year..and i wish i do ias and ips

    3. Sir
      I have completed graduation with long gap and I wants to go to technical side.Is any possible please answer me and my stream is

    1. after, u can go for b.ed to become a science teacher otherwise u can go for and after m. sc there are ocean of oppurtunities

      1. Hallo,,its an a big honour for me to share my problem sir i had done my graduation in (pcb) sir i,m not taking a right dicision in my life sir i want to continue my further studies but i dont know which field is very good for me i,m very well in studies sir plz giving me a dicision which is best for me…

      1. sir i am +2paas so what i can now in B.Sc field which subject i choose. my mathematics is weak.

      2. Choose B.Sc ZBC group. But think what after B.Sc first. Many don’t think about that.

      3. Sir, this year my B.Sc. is third year.with bio group so i want to go medical science. and my chemistry is weak so please suggest me what is opportunity for me.

      4. After 12th i decided to take bsc computers but iwas week in mathematics

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