How to Become a Scientist

How to Become a Scientist?

Before proceeding on details about how to become a Scientist.. First let us explain about the term “Scientist”.

Scientist is a person or individual who is studying and has expert & skilled knowledge of one or more of the natural & physical sciences.

“The term scientist was coined by a theologian philosopher William Whewell”.

Skills Required for Scientist:

  • It requires attention, dedication to work and ability to face long working hours.
  • A scientist should have an ability to work independently and sometimes with guidance.
  • You must have good presentation skills, computing skills, time management, team working skills, etc.

“Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a famous Indian Scientist & former president of India. He has contributed for the development of missile and nuclear weapons programs of India”.

There are various fields that needed knowledge and application of science. Here we have mentioned some types of scientists in different fields:

  • Agronomist – It specializes in crops and soils.
  • Botanist – It studies the plants, herbs, etc.
  • Geologist – It specializes in the history of earth.
  • Microbiologist – Studies the microscopic animals and plants.
  • Marine Biologist – It studies ocean animals and plants.

Also Check:

Science Courses after 12th


Courses & Eligibility

What qualifications are needed to be a scientist?

Pursuing courses is the first step to become a scientist. Firstly, choose a specialization in which field you want to become a scientist and pursue courses accordingly.

“If you want to become a scientist at NASA, then you must choose science, technology, engineering and Mathematics centered education”.

You have to study hard to become a scientist. Here we are providing a list of some UG, PG and other courses which you may opt:

Bachelor Courses:

Master Courses:

  • Master of Science (M.Sc)
  • Tech or equivalent master degree in relevant field.

“After completing the master degree, you can also apply for doctoral level (Ph.D) courses in the relevant specialization that you have chosen”.

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Eligibility Criteria

Am I eligible to apply?

Eligibility is the first point, which you should check before applying for any course. Here we are providing you the basic eligibility and duration of UG and PG programmes:

UG Courses Eligibility:

For admissions into UG courses, you should have completed the 12th or equivalent examination from any recognized board. Some colleges prefer the minimum percentage criteria for providing admissions. The duration of undergraduate course can be three to four years as per the course opted by students.

PG Courses Eligibility:

To apply for admission to PG courses, you should have obtained a degree in the relevant field from any recognized college or university. The duration of postgraduate course like M.Sc and M.Tech will be two years.

Admission Process

How to get Admission?

In India, admissions will be given to students through the entrance tests which are organized at national, state or university level. Some colleges also offer admissions on the basis of the merit list of the qualifying examination. After getting shortlisted for admissions, some college also conducts group discussion and personal interview rounds for final admissions.

You can appear in various entrance exams as per your preferences. For admissions in Indian Institute of Technology (IITs), you must have qualified the JEE Main and JEE Advanced examination. Here we are providing a list of various entrance tests for admissions:

Where to apply for admission?

There are various government and private colleges in the country which offers quality education in various fields. Some top colleges are listed here:

  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
  • National Institute of Technology (NIT’s)
  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST)
  • Indian Institute of Science (IISc)
  • Indian Institutes of Science Education and Research (IISER)

Career & Scope

“In result of the increasing popularity and explosive growth has generated lots of job opportunities in the field of research and development”.

Scientists are majorly required in various fields like agriculture, social science, physical science, engineering, technology, space research and many others.

There are plenty of job opportunities are offered to scientists in government as well as private organizations. With a research degree, you can also find jobs in India as well as abroad.

What will be your job profile?

As a scientist you can work in various fields. Some job profiles of scientists in different fields are mentioned here:

  • Archaeologists
  • Astronomers
  • Biologists
  • Earth scientists
  • Food Scientists
  • Military scientists
  • Economists
  • Communication scientists
  • Criminologists
  • Neuroscientists
  • Agronomists
  • Ecologists
  • Geologists
  • Computer scientists

Employment Areas

In India, there are various organizations which recruit scientists are:

  • Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC)
  • Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
  • Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR)
  • Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)
  • Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR)
  • Aryabhatta Research Institute of Observational Sciences (ARIES)
  • Indian Association for Cultivation of Science (IACS)


After obtaining a research degree, what salary packages are offered to scientists?

In the initial stage, as a scientist in various reputed institutions like IITs and IISc you can easily earn between Rs. 5 lacs to 6 lacs per year.

The salary packages offered to scientist are also depend upon various terms such as academic qualification, working area, work experience, companies & organizations, etc.

“There is no maximum salary limit for scientists, with some good experience in the relevant field, you can earn beyond the limits”.

Books & Study Materials

There are various books are available in the market for scientists. Here we have listed some popular books which are compiled by our experts after analyzing the other study materials:

  • Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica (Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy) by Isaac Newton
  • A Brief History of Time by Stephen Hawking
  • The Elegant Universe by Brian Greene
  • Elements: A Visual Exploration by Theodore Gray
  • The Greatest Show on Earth by Richard Dawkins
  • The Origin of Species by Charles Darwin
  • The Pleasure of Finding Things Out by Richard P. Feynman
  • The Universe in a Nutshell by Stephen Hawking

For any other queries related to How to Become a Scientist, you may leave your queries below in the comment box.

Displaying 54 Comments
  1. vikrant kumar says:

    sir,I am in eleventh class and I have scored 97.9% in science and 94% in maths.Am I eligible to become a nuclear physicist in the future

  2. Salo says:

    Hello, I m in class 12 with sub maths physics and chemistry.I have a great interest in astronomy and space science, i and want to become a scientist and do something for country. But I have no idea related this field. And I am very confused what subject and course I should choose after 12.plz help me some ideas.

  3. Dr.chaiti bhowmik says:

    I am a homoeopathy doctor…what are the possibility to become a scientist or any other job in isro…

  4. Aashish Gupta says:

    Hi.I am in grade 10(in nepal but born in india). And I want to be scientists. I want to research in the field of astronomy and join #ISRO. My plan is to choose physic physic in garde 11&12 after that to choose astrophysics (astronomy) with bsc
    My questions are
    Where should I study 11&+ education?
    What should I need to join isro?
    *I have done many project in past since gade 3 like made real modle of electric car by the help of local government , made cnc plotter, quadcopter, quiz computer, modle of electric atm, electric cannon ,and many mor…
    Plz reply my questions…

    • Sarvgyan Team says:

      You must firstly, choose a specialization in which field you want to become a scientist and pursue courses accordingly. There are list of some UG, PG and other courses listed in the article which you can pursue. After completing the master degree, you can also apply for doctoral level (Ph.D) courses in the relevant specialization that you have chosen. Also you can appear in various entrance exams as per your preferences.

  5. kapil prajapat says:

    iam studing in 12th.iam become a scientist.please help me.

  6. Thoshitha says:

    Hi I’m thinking to opt bsc in genetics, can u plz guide me how to get into any of the resurch instituts as a scientist is there any exam I have to crack …. Plz do reply.

  7. Akshay says:

    I am studying btech (information technology) I want to be scientist what should I study after btech to become a scientist

  8. Mo kaeem says:

    I am studying in polytechnic.can I become a scientist?

  9. d.harshita chhatri says:

    i am studying in 10 standard .what can i do to become a scientist?please help me.

  10. d.harshita chhatri says:

    i am studying in 10 standard .what can i do to become a scientist?

  11. Kiran Maurya says:

    Sir,I am doing B.Sc-chemistry.
    I’ll be graduate in 2020 .I want to make my career as Scientist .so please guide me sir

  12. Sakshi Chaurasiya says:

    I have done my graduation in B.Sc (mathematics), can i get admission for PG courses in NITs or IIST etc.?
    If not , what should i do next to get admission there?
    Do Reply !

  13. Soumyadip Bhattacharya says:

    It is very helpful to me as i am in 12th.Next year I will be completed. I want to know about Cosmology. And can it be done after 12th or bsc . Please let me know.

  14. Your Name... Harikrishnan says:

    How can I become a space scientist which course I want to taken after 12 th standard please tell me I am from kerala

  15. Fathima fida.k says:

    Which course we study become a scientist?

  16. Saurabh kumar suman says:

    I read in class9 .how i prepare well for become scientist.

  17. Your Name...Divya says:

    I want to be scientist in the field of bio science and work for welfare in medical and environment what should study in graduation

  18. Tushar says:

    What are the carrier options for student of msc physics

  19. ganesh says:

    I have done M.Tech in Electronics & Communication, what can I do to be a scientist? and please tell how to prepare for it.
    what other exams I can give to become a scientist.

  20. G yamini said pavani says:

    Hi it is wonderful article this we can over come our weaknesses

  21. Sanket pradhan says:

    I want to become a scientists like einstein
    I ama studying in class 11 with pcbm
    So what i prepare ater 12
    (Courses,university,preparing exam , books ,etc)

  22. Devendra jain says:

    I want to become a scientist..
    I m bsc 1st year student so plz give me right guidance.. Plz plz..

  23. Karitika kashyap says:

    I want to become can become a scientist.

  24. drashti says:

    I want to become scientist in subject chemistry but I study in subject of medical (homeopathy)so please answer me that what I do after study ?please answer me

  25. Niharika says:

    Sir can you tell me how to do become scientist after bsc in zoology honours??.plz reply me

  26. geetanjali says:

    , first of all thank you for giving me this great information about how to become a scientist but but I want you to know about after PhD what should I do for admission in colleges like iiscr

  27. Vivekanand kumar says:

    I want to become a sceintist to make my own name for the world . So,I want to apply form in KVPY for our better study and I am in 11 class with PCM .

  28. Sourabh chaudhary says:

    I wan’t to become a scientist like einstien.I am studying in class 11th and I dont know about my field which I choose.please give me some guidance about my field which i choose. What proper degrees universities etc.please give me also information about this…please please

  29. Lithin mano says:

    I want to become a scientist like Einstein,but i have no knowledge about which field i should select.Please give me some guidance about which field i should select.I am a student of state board.I wish to study in IISER.Will it help?

  30. Your Name... says:

    I want to become astronomer .I will do hadwork for my parents dream.

  31. Your Name...Sourav says:

    Great article but I have to know more about space research and which course i have to adopt after 12th for this and also give the name of institutions for the same and also give the name of some books related to space research.

  32. Yashvi Saxena says:

    Hii!I had read this articleand I am greatly inspired by this.I have one question that what timetable should be required for a successful sientist.

  33. Khushi says:

    Which entrance exam should be cracked to be an chemist and what should be the steps followed after 10.

  34. Khushi says:

    I want to be a chemist what should be the steps followed after 10st

  35. karan says:

    if i am a mechanical engg. then i want to go to NASA as a scientist beceuse its my dream to become scientist what should i do after 12th class. i have done my 12th with 55%

  36. Sourabh singh says:

    I am student of biology and i want to make my career in palaentology or in astrobiology but my maths is weak …please guide me sir…

  37. Poornima says:

    good articl. I want become a botanist what is good for me to do UG from agricultur or B.Sc(bio). this year I pass out 12th from UP board. please reply…

  38. Poornima says:

    thanx for this article. I want becoum a botanist I want to know what is good for me to do UG from agricultur or B.Sc(bio) .this year I pass out 12th from from UP board. please reply…

  39. zaffar ah lone says:

    This iz a very good information for the asprints that how to become a scientist. My
    Best wishes are with u dear students. I wana to become a Computer scientist so hope fr good.

  40. Good says:

    I want to create a pollution controller as a scailencer for automobiles

  41. D.Balasekhar says:

    Iam Completed B.pharm(UG).,now studying m.pharm(PG)…Which category of scientist is preferable to best….Give me guidance about “hw to become aa scientist”…

  42. Shivam alok says:

    i want to know more about chemo science pleas tell me somthing

  43. Prakash kumar says:

    I am very much inspired from this article. Thanks for providing knowledge about how to become scientist

  44. Shashwat says:

    Which subject combination has to be opted in class 12

  45. krishna shewale says:

    Give knowledge about how to prepare for scientists

  46. ramesh pandey says:

    Realy good article which comprises huge knowledge which is helful for aspirant

  47. Ashok Kumar Gupta says:

    Hi, it is good article, I want to know about botanist. Is there any entrance exam there. What colleges are available. How I can go for exam. Do I need to join some institute. Please let me know exam names. Do I mainly do study in 11th and 12th. I am in CBSE board.

    • Anushka Shukla says:

      Sir I am in 11th now and I want to be a scientist at nasa. So can you please tell me about the path which I should follow?

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