Career In Astronomy

Are you interested in study of stars, moons, planets and comets?

If yes, then career in astronomy is the right choice for you.

Astronomy comprises the study of sun, moon, stars, planets, comets, space and other non-Earthly bodies.

“Astronomy is the branch of Physics that deals with the study of celestial bodies like planets, stars, and galaxies. It refers to the study of objects outside the earth’s atmosphere and their physical and chemical properties”.

What does Astronomers do

Astronomers are the observers who discovers information about “How the universe works” from the planets in our solar system. It includes study about the evolution of stars.

Astronomer implements the principles of Mathematics and Physics to carried out research about the Universe. They makes the use of telescopes and  computer programs for gathering data on the characteristics of planets, moons, stars and other objects.

Astronomers also work with scientists for conducting research.


There are several branches of astronomy such as Astrophysics, Astrometeorology, Astrobiology, Astrogeology and Astrometry.

What is the best thing about astronomer

They discover things that nobody have seen ever. They utilize their most of time in researching activities. The work of astronomer includes traveling, observing, writing reports, reading, teaching and working in offices.

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How to become an Astronomer

  • To become an Astronomer, a Ph.D degree is compulsory.
  • First, you have to complete your 10+2 examination under the science stream, especially in Mathematics & Physics.
  • After that, you can join an undergraduate course in Astronomy. You can join for an honors/major in Physics with Mathematics as a secondary subject.
  • Thereafter, you can join postgraduate degree in Physics or Astronomy.
  • After competing master degree, you can do specialization in astronomy leading to Ph. D

Courses & Duration

Students having interest in Physics and Mathematics can opt their career in the field of astronomy.

Have you completed your 12th?

If yes, then you can obtain bachelor’s degree in Science subjects to continue your career in astronomy.

Also Check:

Engineering Courses After 12th

Astronomy courses are available at various levels and are listed below:

Bachelor’s Courses:

  • B.Sc in Astrophysics – 3 year full-time course
  • B.Sc in Astronomy – 3 year full-time course
  • B.Tech in relevant Engineering

Master’s Courses:

  • M.Sc Astronomy
  • M.Tech (Astronomy and Space Engineering)

Doctoral Courses:

  • PhD. in Astronomy
  • PhD. in Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • PhD. in Astrophysics
  • PhD. in Atmospheric Science and Astrophysics

Integrated Courses:

  • Integrated M.Sc – Ph.D Programme in Physics and Astrophysics
  • Integrated M.Tech – Ph.D (Tech.) programme in Astronomical Instrumentation

You can also make your career in astronomy after the completion of bachelor’s of engineering course in Electronics and Communication Engineering/Electrical Engineering.

To become an astronomer, you are required to earn Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in astronomy, physics or a similar field that is necessary for faculty and researcher positions.

Skills Required in an Astronomer

  • Solid knowledge in Physics and Mathematics.
  • Must have the knowledge of computer programmes and software.
  • Good observation skills are required.
  • Should have the capacity of solving complex problems and conducting research work.
  • Ability to work with a team is required.

Admission Process

To get admission in the undergraduate astronomy courses, various Universities/colleges conduct their own entrance test. One of the such entrance test is called IISC 2023 (Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore) that provides admission to undergraduate courses offered by IISc.

In order to take admission to PhD courses, you have to clear the GATE 2023/ UGC NET 2023 examination. You can also appear the JEST 2023 (Joint Entrance Screening Test) for admission into Ph.D course. After the completion of master’s degree, you can apply for this test.

Also Check:

JEE Main 2023

JEE Advanced 2023

IIT JAM 2023

IIST 2023

Top colleges offering courses in the field of Astronomy/Astrophysics are listed below:

  • Indian Institute of Space Science and Technology (IIST), Thiruvananthapuram
  • The Indian Institute of Astrophysics (IIAP), Bangalore
  • Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai
  • Osmania University, Hyderabad
  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

Jobs & Career

Astronomy is an amazing & a promising career for the students, those are interested in the mysteries of the universe.

A career in Astronomy is broadly divided as Theoretical or Observational though.

Theoretical Research career is typically involves doing Bachelors in Engineering or Technology or Masters in Physics with the basic knowledge in Mathematics & Physics. You can join Universities or Institutions for a Ph.D programme & obtain a permanent job.

Observation Research Career is wider because students have an engineering degree or have knowledge of computer systems & electronics are encouraged to apply for the graduation programme & allows doing an M.Sc by research prior to doing a Ph.D.

There are various job opportunities exists in public and private organizations like Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), NASA, Technology Information, Forecasting and Assessment Council (TIFAC) etc.

As a brilliant astronomer, you may be offered by space research centres like ISRO, NASA etc.

Interested people can also join teaching profession after the accomplishment of pre-requisite qualification.

As a beginner, you can work as a fellow researcher with the existing team who already working on an Astronomy project.

You can also get internships at the different centers in India that do astronomy such as IUCAA, ARIES, NCRA, etc.

An engineer with a BE or B.Tech degree can also enter in this field as a research scholar.

After completion of your degree in Astronomy, you can work as a research scientist with various research Institutions & big government organizations such as the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO).

You can also work as a researcher in the leading observatories and Institutions in the USA.

Job Areas

  • Research
  • Universities
  • Industry

Job Profile

  • Research Scientist
  • Lecturer
  • Astronaut
  • Astronomer


What will my Salary be?

Salary in the field of astronomy depends upon the profession you have chosen. If you choose your career in teaching the salary may be different from the one who are working as a researcher.

The starting salary of an astronomer starts from Rs 50,000/- per month. Those who have earned experience and are highly qualified will earn an annual salary of Rs. 8 lacs to Rs 10 lacs.

Books & Study Materials

You can refer these books for the preparation of astronomy:

Astronomy – A Beginner’s Guide to the Universe – Chaisson, McMillan
A Companion to Astronomy and Astrophysics – Kenneth R.Lang
Celestial Mechanics: The Waltz of the Planets – Alessandra Celletti, Ettore Perozzi
Fundamental Astronomy – H.Karttunen P.Kroger, H.Oja M.Poutanen, K.J. Donne
Astronomy Today – Chaisson, McMillan

For more information regarding Career in Astronomy, you may ask your queries below.

Displaying 42 Comments
  1. Amna says:

    Hi I am a fourth grader can you please suggest some books to me on astronomy how can I get news letters? Is thear any group I can join to learn

    Thank you!

  2. Sammy rayz says:

    Hey i wished since iwas young to study those bright object above there now i have a last step to make in order for my dreams to come true i wish they will be true

  3. Veeresh says:

    Hi my name is veeresh iam so excited to become an astronomer ????

  4. vaishvik sharma says:

    i am very much fond of watching sci fimovies and from there i got my interest in this field of science

  5. ganesh says:

    Please guide me about aerospace engineering fields

  6. Nishath.Anjum says:

    I am also interested in space research from childhood .but friends anyone knows what special we should do for astronomy after 10th class?please comment?

  7. Shravani says:

    I am interested in space and technology, from childhood , I am planning to be an Astronomer from 9class .

  8. Kirlampalli Abhishek says:

    I like to become a astronaut

  9. Abhishek says:

    After completing M.TECH.we have to take the course of Astronomy . After Astronomy which course we have to take ?

  10. Shivam says:

    Im in 12th and I love to know how light in other planet atmosphere I love to know that any civilizais tion is in reality in this vast universe or we are alone here

  11. Lakshana says:

    I like to become a astrophysicist .

  12. Sawma says:

    Can I become astronomer from arts stream(geography), we are poor to take science stream,fees are too high for poor people’s, can I become astromer without core science subject… Please i really need answer, I hope that someday I could be astronomer

  13. Fahima latheef says:

    Which collage is better in astronomy course in india??

  14. Sudeepthi says:

    Still l was studying 10th class I was interested for being astronomer I have some knowledge about these and I have some knowledge about astrophysics l think you will support to bee succeed l want step by step instructions for being astronomer please support me

  15. Lakshya Kumar says:

    I also want to become astronomer right now I am in 10th std, and have great knowledge about all these.

    • Tanvi says:

      Hey lakshya!
      If you know well about this field could you please help?
      Can we become an astronomer even after doing electrical engineering from any Iit or a specific institute is required?

  16. Sorokhaibam Priyadarshini says:

    Hiiii everyone I’m clz 10 due to this current pandemic I couldn’t attend my clz from last year I felt sorry for that.But time to research about my life goals was given thanks
    Reply to me so that we can share our thoughts

  17. Rose saniya says:

    I like the study for starts then I am studying plus two last . I don’t no which subject choose in degree level , please help me in next course

  18. Merlin sabu says:

    Hy i am studying at 9th standard.In my small age i like to study about space.i would like to become a isro officer .What course can I study???

  19. Vedant pandey says:

    I am an student of class 8th I want to become an astrophysisist plz give me some tips..

  20. Velanganni says:

    I’m studying in class 10, so can somebody pursue me to how or what should I get prepared for becoming an astronomer.

  21. Jagatheesh says:

    I am studing in ECS but I am interested astronomy but I don’t know what college this cores avalibel

  22. Alok Singh says:

    Sir , I am studying in 11th ..and I have curiosity in space I want to join ISRO as a I want to know that JEE is necessary for joining B.Sc in astronomy..? Please help..!

  23. Sanchi Gaikwad says:

    I am in 8th grade and I am reading books related to astrophysics to be an astronomer.I just wants to say thank you to to give this important information to us and keep sending ahead also. Ones again thank you.

  24. Roopa Sri says:

    I am a dreamer to became a astronaut. Nowadays my thinking all about space. So I decided to became a astronaut or work in NASA or isro.

  25. Kiruthika says:

    I’m a 11th student now…i was very intrested in space and science and astronamy from my childhood..i want to become both astronaut and astronamer..could u help achieve my aim..?

  26. Arunima says:

    I love to study about space and universe but i dont want to read everything about physics. Im now in class 11. After 12th can i just take B.Sc in astrophysics ?

  27. Arunima says:

    I love to study about space and universe but i dont want to read everything about physics. Im now in class 11. After 12th can i just take astrophysics in B.Sc?

  28. Gauri says:

    I am in 8th standard and I like observe star and sky .
    I am very curious to study about them hope I become a resecher of stars And space

  29. Sudharsan. SM says:

    Astronomy is my life dream. I am studying in class 11 please help me to how studied in feature. Am in little poor family but I want to achieve brief in the world.

  30. V.Vishresh Sai says:

    Iam in class7.Iam in Andaman and Nicobar islands.My ambition is to become an astronomer.what kind of classes should I join to reach my goal?

  31. Urmila.R says:

    its my passion to become an astronomer.I am dreaming it from an age of 8.Now i am a student of 10th standard.The informations that i got from this website is very very useful.Now i got a small idea about what can i do after my +2 studies…Thank you so much..thank you very much for helping me to make a way for my journey to the misterious universe….THANK YOU..

  32. Snehashree says:

    I am student of class 10 of w.B.B.S.C Board. I want to become a astronomer. It is my dream & I want to achieve it . please help me what should I do after complete 12th? and what is the process of this study by steps? please help me…

  33. Md waajid says:

    hi,I am in 12th class and actually i had to pass my 11th class through compartment exam and is it possible to become astronomer

  34. Pavarna says:

    I’m 11th grade student from tamilnadu..(currently studying 11th)
    I took biomaths ..
    Is this possible to become an astronomer by taking biomaths group

  35. Arya Chaudhari says:

    Hi,i studing in 12 th commerce can I apply for astronomy course from commerce stream

  36. Athashree says:

    I am studying in 11th science .I want to study in the field of become good cosmologist,researcher which degree should I pursue after 10+2.can I get job in isro,nasa

  37. Shivansh says:

    Thanks for knowledge

  38. Shina says:

    Hello Sir,

    I have done engineering in Electronics and communication and further worked in Networking, security and communication streams for almost 7 years.
    I want to switch my career to astronomy, as you understand the more we grow up its even difficult to chose an entirely different path, But i believe its worth taking the path.
    Can you guide me.

  39. Chandrasahu says:

    This filed is so interesting for many students who’s dream is astronomer keep hard work and I hope your dreams came real one day definately. Thanks??

  40. Thorat shubham babasaheb says:

    Sir mla pn bsc astronomy la admission gheyache ahe Math-68mark Physics-38

  41. vaishnav says:

    im in 12th i got 79% mark can i become a astrophysist

    pls answer me i really love space

    im just cufused

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