Career In Environmental Science

Are you curious about….. what happens if all the trees in the rainforest will cut down or the hazardous Chemicals will spill into a river or ocean?

Then you can find answers to these questions in “Environmental Science”.

Environmental Science is a branch of science which studies the effects of physical, chemical, and biological conditions of the environment and their effect on organisms.

Environmental Science also deals with “Ecology”. Ecology is the study of how organisms interact with our environment.

“Environmental science has emerged from the field of medicine and natural history.”

Environmental science is also known as Environmental Engineering also called as an interdisciplinary field because it includes the fields from the social science and the humanities.

Apart from the study of biological and physical characters of the environment, it also includes the social and cultural factors and impact of humans on the environment.

Importance of Environmental Science:

  • To know more about the sustainable way of living.
  • Understand the behaviour of organisms under natural conditions.
  • To educate and aware people about environmental problem & issues.
  • To use natural resources more effectively without harming the environment.
  • It teaches the human beings the importance of our environment and how to conserve it.

There are other branches of environmental science like atmospheric science which focus on the Earth’s atmosphere. Another is ecology, the study of how organisms interact with the environment and which focuses on chemical alterations in the environment, such as water pollution and soil contamination which is also known as environmental chemistry.

Career Scope

There is a vast scope in private or in the government sector for the environments science degree holders. Under this course, aspirants can apply for a research degree in government organizations. Candidates those holding M.Sc degree in Environmental Science can find many lucrative career opportunities in India as well as in abroad.


“There are plenty of courses in this field.”

Students can opt certificate, diploma, bachelors, masters and Ph.D courses in this field. For UG courses, students must have passed 10+2 examination with science stream and for PG courses, students should have a bachelor degree in the related field.

career in environmental science

Some most sought courses trending among the students are:

Certificate Courses:

  • Certificate in Environmental Studies (CES)
  • Certificate Courses in Environmental Science

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Environmental Science
  • Diploma in Environmental Law
  • Diploma in Environment Protection

Bachelor Courses:

  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Environmental Science
  • Bachelor of Environmental Management
  • Bachelor of Science in Environmental Science & Water Management

Master Courses:

  • Master of Philosophy in Environmental Sciences
  • Post Graduate Diploma in Environment
  • Master of Science (M.Sc) in Environmental Management

Ph.D Courses:

  • Doctor of Philosophy in Environmental Science
  • Doctor of Philosophy in Earth Science
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Admission & Eligibility

How to get admission in these courses?

For undergraduate courses, students must have passed the 10+2 examination with science subjects (Biology, Mathematics and Chemistry).

For admission in postgraduate courses, students should have hold a bachelors degree in the science subjects or related fields.

Also Check:

Career options after 12th

Admissions will be based on the marks obtained in the qualifying examination while some other colleges and universities conduct their own entrance exams to screen candidates for admissions.

Here are some top colleges from where you can pursue courses in this field:

  • University of Delhi, Delhi
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Jaunpur
  • National Environmental Research Institute, Nagpur
  • Amity University, Noida
  • Forest Research Institute, Dehradun
  • Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi

Career & Jobs

“Environmental Science is a broad and generalized field with endless job opportunities.”

Environmental Science is that branch of study where you can find numbers of ways to protect our environment with the reliable use of resources. So, it offers a plethora of job opportunity for environmental scientists as well as for environmental biologists, environmental engineers, environmental modellers and environmental journalists. Environmental scientists are employed by the mines, fertilizer plants, textile and dying industry, food processing units, etc.

After holding a degree in this field you will get the variety of careers to choose from. They can easily work in government and private organization and many other industries. You can also opt to teach jobs in colleges or universities.

In this sector you can be employed by various organizations are such as Pollution Control Board, Water Authority and Urban Planning. Many private organizations like Food processing industries, Refineries, Distilleries and Fertilizer plants are also offering various job opportunities for the graduates in this field.

You can avail jobs in fertilizer plants and can also work in food processing companies as Managers. Other jobs present for graduates in this field are an Environmental Journalist in any newspaper, magazine or television station.  Many NGOs are growing in working on the issues regarding the environment so, you can also join these organizations according to your choice.

Job Titles:

  • Environmental Scientist
  • Environmental Consultant
  • Environmental Science Manager
  • Lecturer
  • Wildlife Film-maker
  • Environment Photographer
  • Environment Journalists
  • Conservation Hydrologist
  • Director of Waste Management

Careers can be found in environmental monitoring organizations, environmental consultancies, universities, Industries, distilleries, fertilizer plants, NGOs, Pollution Control Boards, Public Institutions and Private Industries and Firms and many others.

Salary & Pay Scale

“Salary packages are good in this field.”

In India, the minimum salary of a bachelor’s degree holder in this field is around Rs. 3 to 4 lacs per annum.

With a good experience in this field along with masters or Ph.D degree, the average salary can go up to Rs. 6 to 8 lacs per annum.

Salary packages in this field also depend upon various factors such as the size of the organization, sectors, working location, education and various other factors.

Books & Study Materials

Some best books to study environmental science are mentioned here:

  • Silent Spring by Rachel Carson
  • Global Water: Issues and Insights by David Allendes
  • Global Warming: Causes, Impacts and Remedies by Bharat Raj Singh
  • Earth and Environmental Sciences by Imran Ahmad Dar, Mithas Ahmad Dar
  • Data Analysis for Environmental Science and Management by Bruce Kendall, Chris Costello
  • The Forgiving Air: Understanding Environmental Change by Richard C. J. Somerville

For more information regarding Career in Environmental Science, ask your queries below.

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Displaying 84 Comments
  1. Sujit Panghate says:

    Hi…sir…what is scope of msc Environmental Science plz tell me.after completed my post graduation I will get good job as in environmental science feild..

  2. Sarthak goje says:

    I completed from pcm can i do bsc in environmental sci…sir help me please

  3. sreeja says:

    sir, I have completed my B.SC Biotechnology. which course is better among all life sciences groups for M.SC.

  4. Giridhai says:

    I am a environment science student this year msc is complete I can admission in b.ed course. please reply.

  5. pavithra says:

    Sir I have completed bsc biotechnology can I do Msc environmental science.. after completing this course what are job opportunities.. plzzzzz guide me

  6. Koyel Debnath says:

    I am a msc student in environment Science. This year it will be complete. I am very confused what will I do after that. I need a job please help me.

  7. Yash says:

    Which group is required for environmental scientist in 12th grade either pcm or pcb

  8. Gaganashree GS says:

    Sir can I(PCMC student) do environmental chemistry after 12th without writing CET exam?

  9. Dinesh Anand says:

    What are the leading universities for environmental studies in India.

  10. Ana says:

    Sir do we get jobs in NASA or ISRO if we do MS in environmental engineering??

  11. ashwin daniel says:

    Sir,can we study environmental studies in college if we take environmental science without maths in isc 12th?

  12. harendra singh says:

    sir maine bsc 2015 me kiya hai jisme ki mere kewal 44%marks hain abi mai textile me etp opret krta hu aage mai kya kr skta hu plz sir given the some idea for me

  13. sugi kadhir says:

    Which one is best engineering or bsc?

  14. prakash ayer says:

    can an Bsc environmental science student apply for msc environmental engineering?

  15. Farhin says:

    Sir,I have completed course in chemistry honours.can I do in environmental studies?please suggest some colleges near Kolkata in West Bengal.

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