Career In Floriculture
Are you passionate about Flowers?
If yes, then the field of floriculture may be interesting for you!
What is Floriculture?
“Floriculture (or flower farming) is the discipline of horticulture that includes the study of growing flowering plants”.
Floriculture includes farming of flowering and ornamental plants that can be used as raw materials in the perfume industry and pharmaceutical sector.
Due to increase in domestic need of flowers, the career scope in the field of floriculture is also increasing (Career Scope after 12th). Nowadays, demanding of flowers like roses, gerbera, carnation, gladiolus, Orchids, and lilies is increasing day by day.
Cultivation of flowery plants can be done in open fields, in poly houses or in greenhouses.
The crops come under floriculture are bedding plants, houseplants, flowering garden and pot plants, cut cultivated greens and cut flowers.
What is the job of Floriculturists?
Floriculturists are involved in the cultivation of plants that produce beautiful flowers. They focus on the farming of ornamental plants for gardens, floral industry and for export. In addition to this, they also produce plant breeding of new varieties. They also do other jobs like wild harvesting and production of commercial flowers, flower seed, foliage and essential oil crop and production of plant products.
The people working in the field of floriculture are called as floriculturist. The major responsibility of floriculturist is the cultivation of plants that produce beautiful flowers. Some of the important profile a floriculturist can do are as follows:
- Wholesale Florist
- Landscape Technician
- Floral Designers
- Interior Decorators
Floriculturist graduates can start their career in this profession after completing their degree programmes. Aspirants can apply in the floral industry in the various designations like floral designers, production managers, and sales representatives all work for florists, garden centers and nurseries in the design, production, and sales of flowers. Those having much experience in plant cutting and breeding can find the number of jobs in private as well as government sectors. You can find the number of professional jobs in this field such as entry-level garden center positions to highly specialized jobs in research under the wide variety of horticulture.
Courses & Programmes
If you are interested in this field, then you can start your career as floriculturists after the completion of the higher secondary examination. Some colleges offer certificate programmes in floriculture including vocational school. The duration of certificate programmes is of 6-12 months with combine floral design courses in aspects of horticulture. You can pursue following courses in the field of floriculture:
- Certificate in Floriculture Technology
- Certificate course in Floriculture
- B.Sc (Floriculture and Landscaping)
- B.Sc in Floriculture
- M.Sc (Floriculture and Landscaping)
- M.Sc (Floriculture Business Management)
You can take admission in the undergraduate courses of floriculture after passing 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Science courses after 12th). The admission will be done on the basis of All India Entrance Examination or the entrance examination conducted by various universities. Admission to master’s course will be done through All India Entrance Examination (ICAR AIEEA 2023) is conducted by the Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR).
Here, some well-established institutes in India are mentioned that offers courses in floriculture:
- Allahabad School of Agriculture, Allahabad, UP
- Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra
- College of Horticulture, Trissur, Kerala
- Horticulture College and Research Institute, Periakulam
- Faculty of Horticulture, TNAU, Coimbatore
- Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab
Career & Jobs
Being a Floriculturists is the colorful career choice for you!
Where Are Floriculturists required?
The need of floriculturists is in nurseries, Botanical Gardens, farm companies, Genetic companies, Agricultural product companies. Aspirants may teach at the college and university level as a professor. Floriculturists teaching in the college may become the instructor, assistant professor, associate professor and professor.
They are also required in cosmetics and perfume manufacturing companies.
Many companies and firms employ the graduates of floriculture in various designations. Some outdoor design consultancy firms do work in horticulture landscaping and plantation which employ floriculturists and horticulturists in supervisory positions for the growth of gardens. You can also be employed by the city planners and builders for their construction sites.
You can set up your own business in growing flowers for the export market, growing ornamental plants, running nurseries, or providing gardening and landscaping for advisory services. Cosmetics and perfume industry are other career options in which you might be hired as a floriculturist in the perfume industry.
In the teaching profession, floriculturists are also needed. They can do the job in agricultural colleges as a Lecturer or Professor after clearing National Eligibility Test (UGC NET 2023).
Floriculturists are also recruited by government bodies namely –
- Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)
- Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI)
- Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA
- Defence Institute of Bio-Energy Research (DIBER
- CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute (NBRI)
Some of the Job Profiles given below under Floriculture Courses:
- Floral Designers
- Interior Decorator
- Production Managers
- Management Analysts
- Floral Wholesaler
- Sales Representatives
- Landscape Technician
Some floriculture industries of India are listed below:
- Pudumjee Plant Laboratories Ltd., Pune
- Sharda Farms, Nashik
- Indus Floritech Ltd., Hyderabad
- Century Flowers, Pune
- Deccan Flora Base, Pune
- Nagarjuna Agritech Ltd., Bangalore
- Turbo Industries Ltd., Punjab
- Zlobal Industries Ltd., Delhi
- Birla Floriculture, Shirgaon, Pune
- Eden Park Agro Products Ltd., Pune
Individuals who have completed the graduate degree in floriculture can work as farm or estate managers, supervisors and project coordinators. After gaining experience, they will get the positions of specialists for handling plantation, nurseries and other landscaping projects.
In this field, candidates can also work in the marketing of flowers or they can also set up their own business where they can grow and sell the flowers and ornamental plants. They can also run nurseries.
The salary of an individual depends on the nature of their work and experience. Salary in the field of floriculture directly depends upon your job profile. The average salary for floriculture jobs is $56,000. The researchers and academicians are paid as per the government norms. The figures of your salary depend upon your qualification, experience, location and your job designation.
Books & Study Materials
Here, we have listed some of the books for floriculture:
- Introduction to Floriculture – by A M Armitage, Roy A Larsen
- Floriculture: Principles and Species – by John M Dole, Harold F Wilkins
- Advanced Commercial Floriculture – by S.K. Bhattacharya
- A Handbook of Floriculture – by Prasad & Kumar
- Floriculture: Fundamentals and Practices – by Laurie, Ries
- Floriculture in India by G.S. Randhawa & A.N. Mukhopadhyay
- Introductiory Ornamental Horticulture by J.S. Arora
- Commercial Floriculture by P.K. Chattopadhyay
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