Have you ever seen the big spacecrafts & rockets and imagined how they have been constructed??
How they have worked?
The answer is right here “Aerospace Engineering”
Aerospace Engineering is that branch which deals with the design, development, testing, and production of aircraft and related systems like missiles, rocket-propulsion systems, space-shuttles etc.
The original term for Aerospace Engineering was “Aeronautical engineering” but after the advancement of technology include craft opening in outer space the term was replaced to Aerospace Engineering. It comes under engineering courses. It is the demanding and challenging branch of engineering.
Aerospace engineering focuses in designing, construction, development, testing and maintenance of commercial and military aircrafts and spacecrafts.
One who specializes in Aerospace engineering and possess the bachelor’s degree in Aerospace Engineering is titled as an “Aerospace Engineer”.
The aerospace engineering came into existence in the late 19th to early 20th century. Aerospace engineers launch its first American satellite on 31st January, 1958.
Then go ahead and choose courses as per your interest.
The components of Aerospace Engineering are:
- Radar Cross-Section
- Fluid Mechanics
- Statics and Dynamics (engineering mechanics)
- Control engineering
- Aircraft structures
- Materials science
- Solid mechanics
- Risk and reliability
- Noise control
- Flight test
Aerospace engineering integrates all these elements to design a fully functional aerospace vehicle.
Duties of An Aerospace Engineer:
- An aerospace engineer develops, maintains and tests the performance of civil and military aircraft, missiles, Satellites and space vehicles that meets the customer requirements.
- Settling the issues that arise during the design, development and testing processes.
- Modifying design to inbuilt some new functions and improve safety features.
- Performing ground and flight-testing programmes on prototypes.
- Estimate feasibility, productibility, cost, and production time of an aerospace vehicle.
- Write and review technical reports.
Courses & Eligibility
There are lots of courses available in the field of Aerospace Engineering. You can pursue advanced diploma, bachelors, masters, and Ph.D. courses in this field. This is a career focused on courses after 12th science.
Various courses of aerospace engineering field are listed below:
- Undergraduate courses: Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree of four year duration.
- Master courses: Master of Aerospace Engineering (MAE), degree of three years duration.
- Master of Science in Aeronautics & Astronautics
- M. Sc. Aerospace Engineering
- Ph D in Aerospace Engineering
For bachelor courses, students must have passed 12th with PCM group and for master courses, students must hold a bachelor degree in the related field.
For master’s courses, students must have a Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) degree in Aerospace engineering. Candidates holding master’s degree will be eligible to pursue doctoral courses in this field.
Candidates having strong desire for B.Tech (Aerospace Engineering) are required to appear the entrance exam after the completion of 10+2. Joint Entrance Examination Main (JEE Main 2020) is the well-known national level entrance exam which provides entry to undergraduate engineering courses.
Those wishing to take admission in IITs have to qualify JEE Advanced 2020 which is the second stage of JEE Main.
Various institutions/Universities has its own entrance test for granting admission in B.Tech programme. Some states also conduct their entrance exams for providing admission.
There are two major disciplines of Aerospace Engineering:
Astronautical Engineering – Related with operating aircrafts outside the atmosphere of Earth.
Aeronautical Engineering – Related with operating aircrafts in the atmosphere of Earth.
In India, many top colleges & universities offers various courses to pursue Aerospace Engineering:
- IIT Kanpur
- IIT Kharagpur
- IIT Bombay
- Indian Institute of Science
- University of Petroleum and Energy Studies
- Hindustan University
“Job opportunities are endless for an Aerospace Engineer”
An Aerospace Engineer can work in both government & private sectors. There are many job opportunities for aerospace engineers in India as well as abroad.
Basically an Aerospace Engineer design, develops, researches, test and maintains the performance of military & civil aircraft, rockets, missiles, weapons systems, satellites, etc.
Major Job opportunities for Aerospace Engineers are available in Air Force, Airlines, Corporate Research Companies, Helicopter Companies, Defence Ministry, Aviation Companies, NASA, Flying clubs, Aeronautical Laboratories, Aircraft manufacturers, government owned air services and many others.
Job opportunity in the field of teaching is also open for candidates possessing master’s degree in aerospace engineering.
Types of Job Profiles:
- Aerospace designer checker
- Aircraft production managers
- Mechanical design engineers
- Assistant technical officers
- Thermal design engineers
Some Reputed Recruiters are:
In India, there are various companies which provides job in the field of aerospace engineering. Some of them are as follows:
- Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL)
- Defense Research and Development Laboratories (DRDO)
- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Civil Aviation Department
- Air India
- India Space Research Organization (ISRO)
- Tata Advanved Systems
- Mahindra Aerospace
- Taneja Aerospace
- Samtel Avionics
- Pawan Hans Helicopters
- Aeronautical Development Agency (ADA)
- Aeronautical Development Establishment (ADE)
- National Aerospace Laboratories (NAL)
Now the next thing that comes to mind is……….What will be the Salary?
In India, the average salary of an Aerospace Engineer as a fresher is above 6 lakhs per year. An aerospace engineer graduated from IITs may expect the maximum salary of 15 lakhs per year.
In USA, an Aerospace Engineer earns $ 107,700 per year.
“Salary also depends upon your experience, the more you gain experience more you get salary”
An experienced aerospace engineer with master degree could get a handsome salary package. Experience will add value to your CV and also leads to high salary package.
Books & Study Materials
Presently, the market is full of numbers of books, volumes, journals on Aerospace Engineering. Here we have listed some books which will help you throughout your studies:
- Flight Stability and Automatic Control – Nelson, R.C
- Aerodynamics, Aeronautics, and Flight Mechanics – McCormick
- Aircraft Structures – Peery, D.J. and Azar, J.J
- Aircraft Design: A Conceptual Approach – by Dan Raymer
- Airframe Stress Analysis and Sizing – by Michael Niu
- Aircraft Propulsion – Saeed Farokhi
- Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Propulsion – Philip Hill
- Compressible Fluid Flow – Patrick H. Oosthuizen
- System Dynamics- William J. Palm III
- Gas Turbine Theory – Henry Cohen
- Aircraft Performance & Design – John D. Anderson Jr.
So now if you are ready to make your career as an Aerospace Engineer.. then go ahead and make your dream come true.
For any queries regarding Aerospace Engineering, you may leave your comments in the comment box.