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Career In Ophthalmology

If you are interested in the field of medical courses and seeking for a bright career option, then you may choose Ophthalmology as the good career options.

Let’s talk about Ophthalmology.

“Ophthalmology is a discipline of medicine which deals with the physiology, anatomy and diseases of the eye”.

Ophthalmology is “The Science of Eyes”.

The term Ophthalmology has been derived from the Greek language, ophthalmos means “eye” and logia means “Study of course”.

A doctor who specializes in surgical and medical eye problems are generally termed as “Ophthalmologists”.

In 800 BC, the Indian surgeon “Sushruta” wrote Sushruta Samhita in Sanskrit language and describes 76 ocular diseases as well as several ophthalmological surgical techniques and instruments.

Ophthalmology field requires a lot of skills owing to the diversity of the specialty. This field needed surgical, medical and patient care skills range from paediatric to geriatric population.



As our world’s population is increasing every day, the demand for ophthalmologists will be continued and the job opportunities will always present. The people who have completed their residency training can go on to pursue fellowship training in Ophthalmology sub-specialties. Aspirants who wish to become licensed medical professionals, graduates need to hold a medical degree and complete a residency programme.

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Ophthalmology is a specialized branch of medicine which has ample of career prospects. The job opportunities for the graduates are in private and government hospitals, health departments, health centers, and NGOs.

As an ophthalmologist, candidates can apply for the Combined Medical Service entrance examination (CMSEE) conducted by the U.P.S.C (Union Public Commission Service) for the position of an ophthalmologist or senior specialist of Ophthalmology. The state health service entrance examinations are conducted by the respective state, provincial services commissions also. You can join defense services – in the army, air force or navy as an ophthalmologist.

Courses & Eligibility

Also Check: Courses After 12th

Aspirants who wish to make his/her career in ophthalmology have to first check the eligibility and necessary entrance exams to appear. To become Ophthalmologists you have to first complete MBBS (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) course and then go for the postgraduate degree in ophthalmology like MS (Master of Surgery), MD (Doctor of Medicine), etc. After completing PG course in this field you can also pursue doctoral courses in this field. You can also go for research studies in this course in various institutions and research centers Some popular courses are listed below:

Diploma Courses:

  • Diploma in Ophthalmology
  • Diploma in Ophthalmic Technology

Bachelor Courses:

Master Courses:

  • Master of Surgery in Ophthalmology
  • Doctor of Medicine in Ophthalmology
  • Master of Science in Ophthalmology
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmology
  • Postgraduate Certificate programme in Clinical Ophthalmology

Doctoral Courses:

  • Master of Philosophy in Ophthalmology
  • Doctor of Philosophy Programme in Ophthalmology

Eligibility Requirements:

For Bachelor Courses: Students can apply for bachelor courses (MBBS) after passing 12th with Physics, Chemistry and Biology subjects.

Check Here: Courses After 12th Science

For Master Courses: To apply for PG courses, candidates should have completed a bachelor degree from any college or university recognized from MCI (Medical Council of India).


Admissions in these courses of ophthalmologic are based on medical entrance examination. Many institutions and colleges offers admission on the basis of national level – NEET (National Eligibility Cum Entrance Test). For admission into . Below we are providing some popular entrance examinations for the entry in ophthalmology courses:

Some popular medical entrance tests are:

Top colleges or universities which offer ophthalmology courses are:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi
  • Amrita School of Medicine, Coimbatore
  • Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune (AFMC MBBS 2024)
  • Christian Medical College, Vellore
  • D.Y.Patil Medical College, Navi Mumbai
  • Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test (IPU CET 2024)
  • Bharati Vidyapeeth Common Entrance Test (BVP CET 2024)

Jobs & Career

“There are ample of career opportunities available for the ophthalmology qualified”.

Ophthalmologists are highly demanded in both government and private sectors. This course also provides a base for setting up own eye clinics. There is a huge demand of Indian Ophthalmologists in various abroad countries such as Australia, USA, UK and Gulf Countries.

After pursuing courses in this field you can find job opportunities in various areas like hospitals run by private or government sectors, clinics, health care centres, NGOs, missionary and charitable hospitals and many other places.

Ophthalmologists and ophthalmic are hire by various hospitals, clinics and medical offices. As an ophthalmologist you are also eligible for doing jobs in private practices, while ophthalmic technologists are hired in medical centers. The chances of ophthalmic medical technicians are to working in the offices of physicians is most. The ophthalmic specialist may specialize in some area, like low-vision optics or ophthalmic surgical assisting, ophthalmic ultrasonography and ophthalmic photography.

As experienced and skilled ophthalmologists you can set up your own clinic for more profitable earnings. You can also appoint as a professor or Lecturer by various colleges or universities. You can join in army, air force or navy as an ophthalmologist.

Job Profiles:

  • Ophthalmologist
  • Ophthalmology Surgeon
  • Professor/Lecturer
  • ENT Specialist
  • Clinical Assistant
  • Medical Consultant


  • SIMS Healthcare Private Limited
  • Sri GaneshVinayak Eye Hospital, Dehradun
  • Violetrays, Bangalore
  • Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya
  • Fortis Healthcare Ltd
  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur


“This field rewards handsome salary packages to the skilled and experienced candidates”.

In India, the average salary of an ophthalmologist is around Rs.9 lacs per year. The more experience gain in this field, better you will earn.

In the USA, an ophthalmologist can get an average salary of $198 k per year, depending upon the skills, working organization, popularity, etc.

Books & Study Materials

Are you looking for some good books for ophthalmology?… here we have mentioned some best books in this field:

Comprehensive Ophthalmology by A. K. Khurana

Parson’s Diseases of the Eye by Radhika Tandon

Clinical Practice Patterns in Ophthalmology by Prema Padmanabhan, SS Badrinath

Clinical Ophthalmology: A Synopsis by Kanski

Ophthalmology: Clinical and Surgical Principles by Louis E. Probst and Julie Tsai

If you have any queries regarding Career In Ophthalmology, leave your queries below in the comment box.

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  1. After pursuing FCPS in optho, what is the future? Is there anty special course after the said course? Pl. furnish the details and oblige me. Thanks.

  2. Sir please send me a message on sms on number 9343282807 about your experience about doctor sir I am a eye serge in Delhi

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