Career In Horticulture

Do you love Plants?… Are you interested in the business of growing plants?

If yes, then the career in the field of horticulture is the best career choice for you.

Horticulture basically deals with the Art, Science and technology of growing and cultivation of plants that include  medicinal plants, fruits, vegetables, nuts, seeds, herbs, sprouts, mushrooms, algae, flowers, seaweeds and non-food crops such as grass and ornamental trees.

The word horticulture comes from Latin word Hortus that means “Garden” and Cultus means “Cultivation”.

The job of an horticulturist is to assess forest & bush for rehabilitation & date gathering, harvest seeds & cultivate young trees & plants collect field & control sample of roots, measure forest & agriculture metrics on ongoing basics, green metals & yields of analysis, seeding, planting etc.

The term Horticulture is designed after agriculture. It not only includes the cultivation of plants but also includes plant conservation, landscape restoration, landscape and garden design, construction, and maintenance, and arboriculture.

Who is a Horticulturist?

A horticulturist is a person who uses his skills and knowledge in the production of plants. The main aim of horticulturist is to improve the plant growth, quality, nutritional value, yield and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.


A horticulturist is also involved in the research work that includes research on plants to produce new generations.

The job for horticulturist starts from gardeners to designers. They work as growers, therapists, designers, and technical advisors.

Scope of Horticulture

Scope and business in horticulture are increasing day by day. Floriculture is a part of horticulture which is a process of cultivation of flowering which is used as a raw material in making perfumes and cosmetics in the pharmaceutical industry. Growing vegetables is a most important part of horticulture, which is very much demanding in India.

“In India, horticulturists are high in demand in various industries”.

There are numbers of job opportunities that are available after completion of this study. After this one can become a horticulturist, floriculturist, pomologist, etc. In this field, one can also become a scientist in research studies. Under this course, you can find jobs in productions & sales, public gardens, marketing, research & development, landscape design, agricultural engineering, pest management, etc.

Courses & Eligibility

What are the academic requirements to become a horticulturist?

Several courses are offered in the discipline of horticulture. One can start his/her career in horticulture after completing intermediate/12th level education.

For diploma in agriculture same (above) qualification is required. To get admission to master in horticulture you should hold a bachelor’s degree and for Ph.D programmes, you must have PG or masters degree in the relevant field.  For admissions in Ph.D programmes, various universities conduct their own entrance examination.

Have you completed 12th class in science stream (PCM/PCB)?

If Yes, then you can opt bachelor’s course in horticulture/agricultural sciences right after 12th.

Wish to know about courses?

Bachelor’s Courses:

  • Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Horticulture – 3 years
  • Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech) in Horticulture – 4 years

Master’s Courses:

  • Masters of Science (M.Sc) in Horticulture – 2 years
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Horticulture and Landscape Gardening – 1 year
  • M.Sc. Ag. –  Horticulture (Floriculture and Landscaping) – 2 years
    For admission to postgraduate courses, you are required to pass the bachelor’s degree in the relevant discipline with minimum 60% marks.
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Interested candidates can also pursue Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) in horticulture for advancement in knowledge, job and salary.

Admission Process

You will be eligible for admission after passing 12th class with science stream. The admission criteria and procedure vary institutions to institutions. Some colleges/Universities conduct their own entrance test for providing admission while some of them provide admission through the entrance test namely ICAR AIEEA 2024 conducted by ICAR.

Several institutions/Universities offer courses in Horticulture. Some of them are listed below:

  • Annamalai University
  • University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore
  • Kerala Agricultural University
  • Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University
  • Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore
  • College of Agriculture, Pune
  • Gujarat Agricultural University, Anand
  • College of Horticulture, Kerala
  • Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh

Jobs & Career Scope

What about jobs & career prospects?

There are ample of opportunities and career path in the horticulture field. Several options are available for graduates of horticulture.

Lucrative jobs are available in both public and private sector.

You can apply for the District Horticulture Officer/ District Agriculture Officer through the examination conducted by State Public Service Commission. In addition to this, you can also apply for the post of Technical Assistant / Technical Officers in Agricultural Universities ICAR, DRDO, IARI, & CSIR.

They can also work as a designer or contractor for landscaping projects or work in the companies dealing with seeds, fertilizers, sprays and other related fields of horticulture.

A horticulturist can also choose his/her career in the education sector as a professor.

Those holding PhD degree can apply for the examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR, New Delhi. This examination is conducted for the post of the scientist.

Job Profiles:

  • Project Manager
  • Gardener
  • Foreman
  • Horticulturist
  • Horticultural Education Supervisor
  • Assistant Manager Human Resources
  • Professor
  • Scientist

Work Areas

In the field of Horticulture, many job opportunities are available for graduates. Some working areas are listed here:

  • Field Work
  • Sales & Marketing
  • Teaching
  • Research Area
  • Farming
  • Projects
  • Irrigation Department


  • Interior Plantscapes
  • SHORB Landscaping
  • Sun Valley Landscaping
  • ER&M ecological restoration and management
  • Casa Verde Growers
  • Greater Texas Landscape Services
  • Green Decor


An average salary of horticulturist is around $40,363 per year. The figures of your salary will depend upon your area of specialization, location, level of education, etc. As a fresher, you can earn 1.8 to 2.5 lacs per year. After gaining experience, you will get the hike in your salary.

District Horticulture Officers receives an annual salary of 3,00,000 lacs.

Books & Study Materials

Here, some books are listed that helps you in the study of horticulture:

  • Introductory Horticulture – H. Edward Reiley, Carroll L. Shry, JR.
  • The Fundamentals of Horticulture – Chris Bird
  • Applied Principles of Horticultural Science – L.V. Brown
  • Handbook of Horticulture -by K.L. Chadha
  • Control of Crop Diseases by W.R. Carlile
  • Seed Storage of Horticulture Crops by S.D. Doijode
  • Instant Horticulture – S.N. Gupta, K.B. Naik
  • Principles of Horticulture – C.R. Adams, K.M. Bamford & M.P. Early

For more information about Career in Horticulture, you may ask us by commenting below.

Displaying 25 Comments
  1. Thumma Pavan Sai says:

    Iam an agricultural engineering student but I want to do an 2 months internship on horticulture. Is there any best company got this.

  2. Krunalsinh Jhala says:

    Hello sir/madam

    I completed my in Botany from st Xavier’s College, and I also completed my Msc in Horticulture science and garden management from Gujarat University.. plz inform me if any related job

  3. Vyshnavi says:

    How many years to complete the horticulture

  4. Sangmeshwar says:

    Hello sir from 2022 I’m bsc.(Hons) horticulture graduate I want to join Pvt Ltd companies if there any job in Pvt plz inform me sir.

  5. Sruthi says:

    I have completed my (hons) horticulture are there any job oppurtunities avaialabe

  6. Assam Hojai Lanka says:

    I am from Assam Nursery. You want to buy anything like orange plant mango plant Litchi plant coconut plant bamboos plants horticulture, agriculture, forestry plants, Agarwood plant, sandalwood plants, flowers indoor and outdoor plants etc. I am a wholesale supplier also manufacturing this kinds of product so you have any requirement (also your friend circul) then I will supply bulk and good quality.
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  7. Anagha says:

    I am doing bsc agriculture (hons)
    And iam gonna prepare for jrf in horticulture so what type of book I want to read and what I do after doing msc and the scope in landscape and the salary for that job can u pls explain

  8. Shubhangi says:

    I will be completing by bsc soon so I want to know that wheather I should do job for I to II years or I should do my MSc first.

  9. Khushal Singh says:

    B.Sc horticulture is a very good course for a career. if someone thinks to take admission in the best BSc horticulture college in dehradun then the BFiT group of Institutions is the best college

  10. Banshailang says:

    I have cleared class 12th PCB and l just wanted to be best and only for horticulture what to do …to get only to this field

  11. Preethi says:

    I completed bsc what can I do msc or job which is better…..

  12. Ram ganesh says:

    I have to complete my diploma horticulture , is their any jobs in Ap , pls tell me any job…….in horticulture department

  13. Nida says:

    Hi i study in famous RHS wisely in the UK and have worked in famous hyde park london. Is there goid scope for international horticulturalist in india and wgat jobs are available.

  14. Ash says:

    I did my 12 in commerce . I am interested in doing horticulture further can I do it from a commerce background??

  15. Kusuma says:

    I completed my horticulture basic degree .can I get any job from this qualification

  16. Md varis says:

    Sir msc agriculture karna h kis subject se kre sabse best ho

  17. Jashiya says:

    Sir,iget 20064 rank in ap EAMCET can I get a seat in svu in bsc horticulture r agriculture

  18. Surabhi says:

    I do B.Sc in horticulture I need a job

  19. Asikha says:

    I have been completed my diploma degree in horticulture….iam a fresher ….i want job in tamilnadu…plzzz…tell me..

  20. Tejashwini Lakra says:

    Sir I’m doing simple Bsc course, hons botany, can you please guide me sir

  21. Deepika says:

    I want know the whether there are job offers or not and i want know the salary for horticulture

  22. Praveen singh says:

    I have completed Msc horticulture. I need jobs scope plzzz tell me sir

  23. Santoahi Jaiswal says:

    I am pursuing B.Sc Horticulture… I want immediate job after completing my degree… For which job I am eligible after my B.Sc degree… I thought of Horticulture Development Officer… So where the value of HDO is most… And what is eligibility and syllabus of HDO

  24. sk nagulmeera says:

    I have joined in food technology and I have a 2 nd concelling in that I have a chance for getting horticulture but I have a doubt about to join which is the better course among this two please clarify my doubt

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